State Records

Report on employment of Aborigines

State Records Archive
Consignment: 129
Item: 1468/1884
Title: Sgt. Troy report on employment of aborigines by settlers – Derby.

Keywords: Yeeda Station, Lulingui Station, Liveringa Station, Kimberley Pastoral Company, Patrick Troy, Edward Lemon, John Pollard McLarty, William McLarty, Francis Gregory, Augustus Gregory, Robert Fairbairn, George Rose, Munbine, employment

[Memo]
21.07.1884
To Sergt Troy
In the report sent in by PC Lemon of his trip up the Fitzroy, no mention is made of the natives employed by the whites. I should like to know how many natives (male and female) of the district are on each station and how they are employed and also whether he saw and conversed with any of the natives on the stations.
R Fairbairn, Govt Resident

[Letter]
21.07.1884
To R Fairbairn Esq, Govt Resident
Sir,
In reply to your memo re the employment of natives by settlers, I beg to state that owing to your not giving any special instructions, the police are not in a position at present to give all the information you required. I am supplying all I can, and what is wanting can be obtained the next time the police visit the Fitzroy.
I may state that hitherto the police have carefully observed how the natives were being treated by their employers, and when they saw anything that ought to be noticed have not failed (to my knowledge) to note and report it.
P Troy, Sergt

[Memo]
21.07.1884
To P C Lemon
You will be good enough to supply as fully as possible the information required by the Govt Resident.
P Troy, Sergt

[Memo]
21.07.1884
To Sergt Troy
In addition to my journal of this day I have to state that there are about 20 natives employed on the Yeeda River Station and about 10 at Lulingui. These natives are employed as shepherds and general servants. There are no women employed by the managers of either of these stations, but the shepherds have their women with them, and these assist their husbands in looking after the sheep.
I saw two natives on the branch of the Fitzroy who were signed to Mr W McLarty and I believe there are a great many more natives signed by Messrs J P and W McLarty who live entirely in the bush. I saw natives on the above-mentioned stations and conversed with them, they appeared to be well fed and perfectly contented and made no complaints against anyone whatever. Messrs Gregory Brothers employ no natives as yet. I did not visit Messrs Daly Brothers – they having shifted, I followed their track a few miles and as they were going in the direction of Yeeda Station, I summised they were going to that station to shear and dip and therefore I did not follow them any further. I found however on my arrival at the Yeeda that they had not arrived there but had come down within a few miles of it. They however employ one native who has two women.
Edward A Lemon P.C.

[Report]
21.07.1884
Kimberley District, Derby Station
I have to report the following journal for the information of the Superintendent of Police:-
July 9th, 1884
PCs Lemon, McAtter and native assistant Charlie left station at 8.30am for the purpose of visiting settlers on the Fitzroy River and of making enquiries into the alleged cattle-killing by natives near the Fitzroy River a few months ago. Police horses Sentinel, Senator, Soldier and Jarvis.
Arrived at Nobby’s Well at 1.30pm. Left Nobby’s Well at the Yeda River Station at 6pm. Distance 22 miles – no complaints of natives at this station. Mr G Rose, Manager.
July 10th
Left Yeeda River Station at 7.30am, camped on the Fitzroy River for dinner. Left Fitzroy at 2pm and arrived at the Kimberley Pastoral Company Station at 4.30pm. Distance 15 miles. No complaints of natives at this station. Mr J P McLarty, Manager.
July 11th
Left K P Company’s station at 7am – met a traveller – Mr J Gregory proceeding to Derby – camped at 11am. Left camp at 2pm and arrived at the station of Messrs Gregory Bros at 6.30pm. Distance 25 miles. No complaints of natives at this station. Messrs Gregory Bros, Managers
July 12th
Left camp at 7.30am. Arrived at an outstation of the Kimberley Pastoral Company at 11am – distance 12 miles. No complaints of natives. Messrs Logue and Lamb at this camp.
July 13th
Sunday – remained at camp
July 14th
Left camp at 7am for a branch of the Fitzroy River for the purpose of obtaining further particulars relative to the alleged killing of cattle by natives a few months ago. Crossed the Fitzroy at 8am and struck the branch about 9am – about 4 miles from its junction with the Fitzroy. Camped at 11am. Left camp at 2pm and followed river until 6pm and camped. Distance 25 miles. Can hear natives shouting on the other side of the river. Will visit them for tomorrow morning. This branch has been running for the last 8 miles.
July 15th
Left camp at 6am to visit native camp. Found a small party of natives. These natives state that they do not know of any cattle killed. A native named Munbine alias George says he has seen the cattle further on up the river very recently. Followed on the river with the native George. Struck old cattle tracks at 11am. Went on until 2pm – could not see any more natives or any indications of cattle having been killed. There are very recent tracks at this waterhole – probably not more than a week old. These cattle are, I believe, the ones that were supposed to be killed. As I have followed this river for about 40 miles and the tracks here being recent, I do not think it necessary to go on any further. Left camp at 4pm on return track. Camped at 6pm. Distance 22 miles.
July 16th
Left camp at 7am and camped at 11am for dinner. Left camp at 2pm and arrived at the Fitzroy at 5.30pm. Distance 25 miles
July 17th
Left camp at 7am for Liberinga [sic]. Arrived at Liberinga at 1pm. Found that Messrs Daly Bros had shifted. Distance 18 miles.
July 18th
Horses strayed a long way, causing a late start. Left camp at 9am – camped for dinner at 12 noon. Left camp at 2pm and arrived at Lulingui (K P Camp) at 5pm. Distance 15 miles.
July 19th
Left Lulingui at 7am and arrived at the Yeeda River Station at 1pm. Distance 15 miles. The country around this station is in flames, caused by natives.
July 20th
Left Yeeda River Station at 9.30am (horses having strayed as all feed is burnt). Arrived at 4.30pm. Distance 22 miles.
Backs of horses sound
Edward A Lemon PC

21.07. 1884
I also have to state that shearing is going on at the Yeeda River Station and the Kimberley Pastoral Company Station. The scab on both these stations are very bad. The sheep are dipped as they are shorn and removed to clean country. The sheep of Messrs Gregory Bros are clean as also are the sheep belonging to the Kimberley Pastoral Co in charge of Messrs Logue and Lamb. A great many scabby sheep have been lost by shepherds in the employ of Yeeda River Company and if their sheep should eventually find their way among clean sheep, they (clean sheep) would no doubt be again infected. The condition of the sheep that are clean is good. The scabby sheep are more or less in bad condition. The cattle and horses all appear in good condition. The branch of the Fitzroy River which I followed up was through principally pindan country. There was also open country slightly wooded. The pindan country appeared to be very good. The natives state that there are large plains about two days journey further on. About 30 miles up the river there is a deep permanent pool about 5 miles long, evidently supplied by springs as it causes the river to flow for a distance of 15 miles. Further up the river, I saw other pools, some fresh and some very brackish – but they were not permanent. There is a great deal of salt left on places where the water has dried up.
Mr McLarty of the Kimberley Pastoral Company Stn reports the following articles having been stolen from the home station during the latter part of last month. One fleam[??], one gold wedding ring and a portion of a silver watch chain – William Parker suspected. These article were extracted from a box, the property of Mr J P McLarty – Parker, who was cook at the station, left the district in Mary Smith on the 1st inst. Mr J P McLarty had missed the articles prior to this and suspected Parker; in fact, Mr McLarty was at Derby prior to and at the time the Mary Smith sailed and yet failed or neglected to give any information until after the man had left the district.
Edward A Lemon

Natives at Yeeda not in need of Govt relief

State Records Archive
Consignment: 255
Item: 1900/0006
Title: Yeeda Station – natives not in need of Govt relief

Keywords: Yeeda Station, Wallal Station, Arthur Clifton, rations

[Memo]
28.11.1899
To Officer in Charge, Police Dept, Derby
The Manager of the Yeeda Station informs me that he has been feeding 10 or 12 decrepit old natives for some years past and asks whether he can get any compensation for doing so in future.
The opinion expressed in Parliament is that employers of natives should in all charity support the natives who have worked for them or their immediate relatives when they come destitute and past work and if I am to comply with requests like these from all the stations in each district, the vote allowed me will be expended before half the year is over. I should be much obliged if you would from time to time collect information for me from your officers instructing them to enquire into the condition of the natives at each station they may visit and whether the destitute ones have been former labourers thereon. This would assist me very much in deciding how much relief I can fairly allot. Please reply as soon as possible.
Henry Prinsep

[Memo]
30.12.1899
Mr Prinsep,
For your information as game of all description is very plentiful on the Fitzroy, I think it would be an unwise precedent to give relief to any of the natives.
I also think that the stations who have had natives in their employ from their childhood should be made to provide for them in their old age.
M H Brophy
Sub Inspt Police

[Memo]
29.12.1899
To Corpl Buckland
Please report for the information of Mr Prinsep if you are aware of any old or decrepit natives at the Yeeda Station who require relief.
M H Brophy
Sub Inspt Police

[Memo]
29.12.1899
To Sub Inspr Brophy
For the information of Mr Prinsep I have to report that I do not know of any old or decrepit natives at the Yeeda Station. The Yeeda is a cattle station and they do not employ a great many natives, most of those employed are young boys without women.
About two years ago, the Yeeda employed a large number of natives as they had both sheep and cattle, but they have shifted all their sheep to Myroodah about 70 miles further up the Fitzroy and most of the natives are there. There are thousands of kangaroos and plenty of fish within 2 or 3 miles of the Yeeda, so I do not think that any natives who may be at the Yeeda should require any relief.
A M Buckland

[Memo]
15.01.1900
See report from P C Buckland and remarks thereon by Inspr Brophy
Acknowledge and say I’m glad to hear that the aborigines there can get plenty of game and do not need government relief.
HP

[Letter]
19.02.1900
To Secretary, Aborigines Protection Board, Perth
Sir,
I beg to remind you it is now three months since you promised to communicate further, with regard to decrepit natives I reported requiring assistance.
I must remind you, I have had no further reply. And would like to know why! At present there is an old native and his woman on the homestead I have been keeping in food and medicine for some weeks passed as the man cannot hunt for himself and it doesn’t seem fair that stations should be called on to provide for its aged natives when something like £10,000 a year is spent in providing for them in other places of the colony.
I believe the system has been abused in places and I think it likely to continue unless there is more strict supervision. It is not my intention to dictate to the Board what is right and what is wrong. But if one can believe all one hears that goes on at some of the distributing centres. There is room for improvement in places. I think perhaps a close inspection of matters at Wallal Statoin (below La Grange Bay) would reveal a state of things far from satisfactory. I would like it to be distinctly understood my opinions are entirely based upon hearsay from travellers. But as I am stationed on the Broome-[illegible] road junction, I see nearly all travellers and consequently have the statements of many on the matter. And if half of them are true things must be in a disgraceful state. I do not wish my name used as informant in this matter but felt it was my duty to repeat this.
Yours truly,
Arthur E Clifton
Manager
Yeeda Station

[Memo]
25.05.1900
See letter from Mr A Clifton of Feb 19th 1900
Acknowledge and say that I am now in receipt of further information regarding the conditions of the natives on the Fitzroy River – their ability to get food which is abundant. In a country where there is as much game and as many able young men in the tribes to catch it and feed their old relatives, I do not think the time has arrived for the government to pamper them with too readily afforded relief, which in some other parts of the colony has been said to have pauperised them needlessly – I regret to have delayed so long in my further communication to him but other matters supervened and prevented the subject from coming up for which I must apologise – I take note of the reports which have come to him verbally from travellers and will keep an eye on the places mentioned – as to Wallal as strict measures as possible in such a distant spot are now being taken.
HP

[Letter]
02.07.1900
To Chief Protector Aborigines, Perth
Dear Sir,
I am in receipt of yours of 26th May and carefully note what you say re natives.
I extremely regret you find it unnecessary to grant relief to any of the Fitzroy natives.
It is neither my business nor intention to dictate to you what should be done.
Your source of information is if I mistake not, from one whose sympathies are not with the squatter and one who shares the opinion of a few others that the squatter should keep all the decrepit natives in the district, which is as unfair as I would be to expect a landlord to maintain all aged tenants on his holding.
There is a lot to be said on the matter which I do not care to enter into.
And I feel sure if you were to send a capable and impartial man through the district, you would gain much valuable information which you cannot get from either the Resident Magistrate or the Police for reason I will not explain.
I thoroughly agree with you that it does not do to afford relief too readily to the natives. It does an erroneous amount of harm. And I am afraid those who distribute rations at times abuse the privelege.
I can honestly assure you the cases I have brought under your notice are thoroughly deserving of relief. But I cannot in fairness to my employer continue rationing them.
Yours Faithfully,
Arthur E Clifton

[Memo]
20.07.1900
Reply and say that if there are any really urgent cases of distress among the natives in the vicinity of Yeeda Station and on reference to the Govt Resident he approves of relief being given I will certainly confirm his approval and acknowledge the account for payment. These accounts should be sent in monthly on the form prescribed (3 copies enclosed) and duly certified by someone who knows of the service having been performed. A travelling inspector will before very long be visiting his district.
CPA

[Letter]
10.08.1900
To Chief Protector Aborigines, Perth
Dear Sir,
Yours to hand re natives
As there appears to be an Inspector travelling though our district shortly I shall wait his arrival before doing anything concerning relief of natives. One of the old natives I spoke of requiring relief has since died.
Yours Truly,
Arthur E Clifton

Katitjin notes:

Clifton, Arthur Ernest (1873-1952)
The Clifton family were a prominent settler family in the Bunbury-Australind area. Their family homestead, Rosamel, in Australind, was a large dairy and sheep farm that remained in the family for subsequent generations. The Rosamel property was next door to Parkfield, the family farm of George Canler Rose, who, with other Rose family members, were also pastoralists in the Kimberleys. Furthermore, Arthur’s uncle was Archibald Gervase Clifton, who was the Resident Magistrate and Warden for the Kimberleys Goldfields District between 1892 and 1901, although his wife and four children remained living another family farm, Upton, which was adjacent to Rosamel. Arthur married in 1901 and returned to the family property in Australind.

Brophy, Michael (1858-1923)
Inspector Michael Brophy, born in New Zealand, started his police career in the Kimberley region as a trooper in 1891, before being promoted to Inspector at Kalgoorlie in 1902. He went on to Bunbury and then to Fremantle, before retiring in 1922. While in the Kimberley, Brophy led a punitive expedition which resulted in the shooting of 30 Aboriginal people. Brophy reports that, “‘In all my experience with natives I have never known them to make such plucky and determined fight as those blacks.”

Buckland, Arthur (1880-1942)
Arthur Buckland was a police officer in the Kimberley region for over twenty years. He married Amy Walker in Derby in 1905. He was officer in charge of the Wyndham Police Station during the Forrest River Massacre incident and his evidence as a witness was used in the subsequent Royal Commission.

Prinsep, Henry Charles (1844-1922)

Accidental shooting of Annie by Mingo

State Records Archive
Consignment: 430
Item: 1889/1745
Title:
Report re accidental shooting of Aboriginal Native woman Annie, by her man Mingo, whilst kangaroo hunting.

[Report]

15.12.1889

Southern District Vasse

Sub-district Hamelin Station

Corpl Hogan

I have to report for the information of Sub Inspr Back that in accordance with instructions from you to accompany P C Sutton to make enquiries as to the shooting of Aboriginal native woman Annie by her man Aboriginal native Mingo about 4 weeks ago near the mouth of the Warren River.

Myself and P C Sutton left the Hameling Station at 9.30am on the 8th Dec 1889 and arrived at Mr Scott’s on the 10th. The native woman Coriann who made the report was not at Scotts. On the morning of the 11th we left for the Donnelly River accompanied by Mr William Scott to try and find Coriann. We found her about 2 miles the other side of Fly Brook in company of her daughter Clara and Comical and two Aboriginal females. I got the following statement from Coriann, who is an intelligent Aboriginal native woman and can speak good English.

I am Comical’s sister and the deceased woman Annie was our aunt. About four weeks ago on a Saturday myself, my daughter Clara, Mingo, Annie, Noble and an old deaf native named Coryann were kangarooing. The latter two split out from us and was a long way off. Mingo kept shouting for Noble to come on Annie told him not to shout so or he would drop dead as the day was so hot. She said he ought to shoot a kangaroo. A short time after this we saw a kangaroo. I sent the dogs after it – they rounded it up in the direction of us. We were standing as follows Mingo about 30 yards from Annie and myself and Clara about 50 yds from Mingo. The kangaroo ran between Mingo and Annie and as it came nearly opposite to Annie Mingo fired. He should have waited until the kangaroo passed Annie and then fired. I heard the report of the gun and heard Annie scream and saw her fall. She was shot under the left breast and the blood was coming out of her mouth. Mingo threw down his gun and ran to her crying. I ran to her also but Mingo was there before me. He said he was sorry and did not mean to shoot Annie. Some time after Annie was shot Noble and the old deaf man came up. Noble said he thought one of his dogs was shot as he heard the report of the gun and heard them crying. I did not see Mingo raise his gun to fire but I saw him in this position (Here Coriann took Mr William Scott’s gun and held it in what is called the caping position; ie. against the right hip). The reason I could not see him fire was because my attention was engaged on the dogs and kangaroo. I am certain no other natives were about at the time of the occurence except Noble and the old native Coryan and they were about half a mile off. The shots were swan drops made in a mould of Mr Brockman’s. I cannot say why Mingo shot Annie but I think he must have aimed at the kangaroo and shot Annie instead. I do not think he meant to shoot her. Myself and my daughter, Noble, Polly, and Mingo buried Annie near the mouth of the Warren River on the same evening. We told my brother Comical that his aunt was bitten by a snake as we were afraid he would shoot or spear Mingo. Annie and Mingo are very old people (about 60 years old) and lived together many years. They have often quarrelled the same as the natives.

From inquiries made by P C Carroll from settlers and natives Mingo had took to using a gun only about six or seven months and was not a very good shot. The following is a sketch of the position of the natives at the time of the occurrence as described to me and roughly pencilled by the female Corian.

[Memo]

17.12.1889

Forwarded to Sub Inspr Back

I have reported this to the Resident Magistrate who will authorise no action to be taken until he receives a reply from the Aborigines Protector Board to which he is making a full report of the matter.

Corpl John Hogan

J. Isdell, Nullagine. Native question general in district

State Records Archive
Consignment: 255
Item: 1900/0363
Title: J. Isdell, Nullagine. Native question general in district

Keywords: Coorabung (Charley), James Isdell, George Olivey, Axel Ostlund, Marble Bar, Nullagine, Mosquito Creek, Clemenen, Walker, Wordley

[Letter]
Nullagine
14th Apr 1900
To H C Prinsep Esq
Dear Sir,
I would like to again draw your attention to native affairs in this district. If the Government really do intend to watch over and guard the natives against their rapid deterioration and extinction, steps should be taken to do so, the allowing of bush natives to settle down in the close proximity to bush settlements simply means their learning all the white man’s vices and be inoculated with various loathsome diseases. The whole enactments regarding natives wants revising and several new provisions made for their benefit. The allowing of natives to assemble and settle permanently close to these mission centres is not only injurious to the natives themselves but also causes many natives who have kind masters, well cared for and clothed to run away and join the idle natives camped near settlements. It also causes many natives who are well cared for and employed on stations in the neighbourhood to run away and also join these idle vagabonds, these idle natives will not work for anyone – they live on the illicit trade of their women, they are also acquiring a liking for spirits, as in [illeg.] of their camping so close to settlements it is almost impossible to prevent – gins being smuggled into their camps at night time. I was in Marble Bar a few weeks ago, and saw many natives men and women camped you may say in the streets. For the benefit of the natives such a thing should not be allowed.
It makes it a very difficult matter for the police to arrest any natives in these camps, as their movements are so closely watched, that timely warning is always giving of their approach. most the natives camped on the Nullagine townsite do not belong to this district or river, they are mostly from the Oakover and from a distance of over 100 miles eastward. They are simply attracted here by the prospect of being able to trade their women and to live an idle lazy life so a course should not be encouraged by the Government. The want of food does not bring them in, as the country to which they mostly belong is teeming with game and vegetables owing to the last four years good seasons and scarcity of blacks. I would suggest until the government has had time to collect information on which to base a new aboriginal act, that the police should receive strict orders that all unemployed natives should be compelled to camp at least 3 miles outside the limit of any townsite, ending no consideration whatever allow any native women inside the limit, by this means many present idle natives would be compelled to take to their natural way of living and hunting in the bush. Any native men or boys who are employed to be allowed within the limit. And to be also allowed to camp not nearer than a mile from the settlement. The police at present are powerless under present circumstances to abate the nuisance, there is no law in place to cope with it, to arrest and sentence natives under the Vagrant Act would simply entail upon the government is very heavy expense as from Mt Mulligan alone I could send 100 natives in one batch. I am sure that if the matter was talked over with Sir John Forrest, he would plainly see the great injury that is being done to the northern natives through lax regulations and I am sure he would sanction such orders that whilst benefiting all the natives would in no way interfere between masters and servant. I am hoping the government will adapt my previous suggestion as to gathering information from all portions of the colony before pursuing any fresh regulations or new enactments. Mr [Francis Edward] Walsh, the magistrate at Marble Bar, informs me I can [get] a sufficient supply of blankets from him for the few decrepit natives that require them when the cold weather sets in.
I remain yours faithfully,
James Isdell

[Memo]
15/5/00
Chief Protector
See letter from Mr J Isdell of April 14th ’00
EOP
Acknowledge and thank him – add that during the last year I have been earnestly considering the best means of checking the intercourse, especially the mining centres between the white and black race – and intend to recommend certain enactments to that end – He will be glad to hear that a very suitable man has been appointed as travelling inspector and is now making his way toward the Pilbarra field via the Ashburton and Fortesque – [illeg.] started last August – the area is a large one certainly but I hope the activity of this officer will enable him to reach the Pilbara District in a reasonable time. Meanwhile I have ‘your’ letter of last Dec still before me and will use the information therein in my arguments towards reform. I regret much that my representations in this direction during the last session, owing to the heavy duties of the Parliament then were unavoidably left standing over.
HCP
15.5.1900

[Memo]
From Clerk of Petty Sessions
To The Chief Protector of Aborigines, Perth
Place: Nullagine, N.W.
Date: 28th April 1900
Re. Coorabung Charley Ab. N.W.A
Sir,
I have the honour to forward your report on conviction of this Ab Native, together with the remarks thereon by J Isdell Esq J. P.
Clerk of Petty Sessions, Nullagine
Note:
Acknowledge – say I have read Mr Isdell’s remarks on this case and shall use them when representing necessity for fresh cases re aborigines
HCP
18.5.1900

[Memo]
See letter from J Isdell of 12.6.00
EOP
20/7/00
Acknowledge – say that the Inspector (W Geo Olivey) may be travelling incognito for what I know, but I fear not always – However, he is a very shrewd and impartial observer – I will make the suggestion to him when I next write – I am glad to say I have received visits from one or two residents of the Pilbarra field whose statements quite corroborate Mr Isdell’s.
HCP
20.7.00

[Memo]
See letter from Mr J Isdell dated Nullagine dated July 6th 1900, re condition of natives at Nullagine.
EOP
8/8/00
Please reply by wire to Isdell Nullagine – 80 blankets were sent to R M Marble Bar on 23rd April for distribution – am wiring to him re your letter 6th July
HCP
Wire to R M Marble Bar – 80 blankets for natives sent you 23 April. Trust you distributed a good number at Nullagine where I hear a number of old and decrepit natives require them. Please see that the instructions in my coming letter of advice are carried out and report if more rations are required there.
HCP
Mr P
If more are reported as required please order them – also blankets.
HCP
8.8.00

[Letter]
Nullagine
11th Aug 1900
To H C Prinsep
Dear Sir,
Yours of 20th July and Mr Olivey just to hand. Also your telegram re native blankets. I sincerely hope that Mr Olivey in his capacity as Travelling Inspector is all you anticipate.
Re native blankets: I have had some correspondence with the Resident Magistrate at Marble Bar on the subject and sent him in the names of about 35 old decrepit natives who are living on the charity of the white residents – and who should be supplied with blankets, clothing and rations by the Government. So far I have not received any blankets for this district. As the Nullagine is a separately proclaimed district from Marble Bar, will you in future arrange that all blankets, clothing etc for natives here be addressed to the district, to avoid delay and correspondence with Marble Bar. I cannot possibly see why many squatting stations and police stations should received the amount of supplies they do, and this district be denied any. Hoping all this will be rectified on the receipt of Mr Olivey’s reports.
I remain, Yours Truly,
James Isdell

[Memo]
Beg to acknowledge receipt of your letter 11th August and to inform you that next season I will send you a bale of blankets, separate from those of Marble Bar – I will write to you further on receipt of Mr Olivey’s report, when no doubt Mr Prinsep will have returned from the Eastern Colonies where he has been on a visit.
EOP

[Letter]
27 Sept 1900
From the Resident Magistrate Marble Bar
To The Chief Protector of Aborigines, Perth
I beg to acknowledge receipt of your letter No 4/144 of 21st July last.
When in Nullagine on my last visit I made inquiries and find that there are practically no indigent natives in the district. There were a few old natives who should have had blankets for the cold weather, but the supply arrived too late.
In reference to the rumoured immorality of the natives, I have collected a good deal of information but I notice in the Roebourne newspaper that Mr Olivey, your Inspector, is likely to visit the district. I think perhaps it will be better for me to see him and he can then judge for himself and supply a report on this branch of the native question.
I have, etc,
A Ostlund
Resident Magistrate

[Memo]
Acknowledged with thanks – It will be better, as you suggest, to wait ill Mr Olivey our Travelling Inspector visits Nullagine, when he can confer with you on the native question in the Nullagine district and report to this office.
EOP
16.10.00
PS
I will see that the blankets reach you in good time, next season.

[Letter]
17.12.1900
To: The Chief Protector of Aborigines, Perth
Nullagine
At this Township I saw twenty natives altogether, but only a few of them were employed and those mostly women. The two hotel keepers, Messrs Clemenen and Walker, employed two or three men each, three women are employed at the hop-beer shop and the butcher has one man and two or three women working for him. At a garden a mile or so up the river a white man named Wordley keeps a woman, there being several natives loafing about there at times. At this garden I saw and treated a very bad case of syphilis and have left medicine with Wordley to contine the treatment. I visited two or three other camps, in company with Constable Brown and found two men about 55, both pretty strong and hearty and three old women two of them nearly blind. These later I should have put on relief but until the loafers are cleared out the township I consider it is useless to feed these old people, as those able to work would probably get the benefit of the rations supplied.
I also saw two half caste children – one a boy about eight or nine at Wordley’s garden and the other, a child only a few weeks old, at Butcher’s camp.
I was informed there were a great many natives about the township just before my arrival, but they had gone into the bush towards Roy Hill farther back for a big Corroboree. The natives for the most part absolutely refuse to work and live on the prostitution of the women. I believe several white men keep women in and around the township and outlying camps, but it is a difficult matter to obtain any definite information, the police constable being quite a new hand and knowing nothing at all about natives.
James Isdell of Mosquito Creek told me he has applied for blankets for the old natives last winter, but none were obtainable. I have since ascertained that there is now a good supply at Marble Bar and will make arrangements for a bale to be sent to Nullagine before the next winter. The police station is very primitive, being a small bough shed, with a big log to chain prisoners onto. The prisoners (native) brought in from Hornjan’s Horryan’s Horrigan’s Station and convicted of cattle killing were kept in the police camp for two or three days.
G. S. Olivey
Travelling Inspector
Corunna Downs

[Telegram]
Nullagine
To Chief Protector of Aborigines
Hold business license in connection my business at Nullagine – have been accustomed employ two old native women about three hours daily – daily officer in charge police refuses allow native women in township – is he justified – these women receive from me daily rations and clothes sufficient for themselves and family
D H Bradshaw

[Memo]
Chief Protector
See report from Mr Isdell dated 14.11.00, also letter from Mr Olivey reporting on Nullagine dated Corunna Downs 18.11.00
EOP
17.12.00
NB
See if we have any reports at all from Mr Ostlund – if not, why not, to get one at once and see if it agrees with private reports of Olivey’s.

[Memo]
Chief Protector
See wire from Mr Bradshaw date 7 Dec 1900 re police refusal to allow two natives in township of Nullagine although in employment
EOP
7/12/00
Reply
Not knowing circumstances decline to interfere with police who act under orders of Resident Magistrate – but consider that generally native women should be kept out of township
HCP
7.12.00

Katitjin Notes:

James Isdell
James Isdell was a pastoralist, parliamentarian, and traveling protector of Aborigines. Although he expresses compassion in his communications in some records, such as his regard for protecting the assets of Turkey in Item 1910/0318, he was more notoriously known for being the instigator of the Canning Stock Route and an “enthusiastic child removalist.” The following quote is from a chapter by Robert Manne, in the book Genocide and settler society: frontier violence and stolen indigenous children in Australian history (2004), edited by A. Dirk Moses:

The most enthusiastic West Australian child removalist in these early days was James Isdell, the former pastoralist and parliamentarian, who was appointed traveling protector for the north in 1907. On 13 Nov 1908, Isdell wrote from the Fitzroy River district to the Chief Inspector, Charles Gale. “I consider it a great scandal to allow any of these half-caste girls to remain with the natives.” On 15 Jan 1909, Gale issued Isdell with the authority to “collect all half-caste boys and girls” and to transport them to Beagle Bay. Isdell expressed his gratitude: “It should have been done years ago.” By May 1909, he was able to report from Wyndham that the entire East Kimberley region had been “cleaned up.”
Isdell was aware that sentimentalists from the south sometimes wrote letters to newspapers “detailing the cruelty and harrowing grief of the mothers.” He regarded such complaints as nonsensical. “Let them visit and reside for a while” in one of the native camps and see for themselves “the open indecency and immorality and hear the vile conversations ordinarily carried on which these young children see, listen to, and repeat.” Isdell did not believe that the Aboriginal mother felt the forcible removal of her child more deeply than did a bitch the loss of a pup. “I would not hesitate,” he wrote, “to separate any half-caste from its Aboriginal mother, no matter how frantic momentary grief might be at the time. They soon forget their offspring.” “All Aboriginal women,” he explained in letters to Gale “are prostitutes at heart” and all Aborigines are “dirty, filthy, immoral.” (Moses 2004, 222-223)

Olivey, George Sydney (1863-1937)
George Olivey was the first Travelling Inspector for Aborigines, appointed in 1899 to make a grand tour of the state with the aim of ensuring that the policies of the Department for Aborigines, under Chief Protector Henry Prinsep, were being complied with. He continued in this role until 1902. Born in Sydney to a British military family (his father was Lieut-Col Sir Walter Rice Olivey), he came to Western Australia in about 1887 and was part owner of Annean Station, near Nannine until 1909. He then farmed at Clonbinane, near Busselton until 1911, after which he became the Rabbit Inspector at Northam for the Dept of Agriculture.

Mrs Hester wishes to retain two half-caste girls

State Records Archive
Consignment: 255
Item: 1907/0188
Title: Reverend A Burton, Middle Swan. Mrs A Hester of Bullsbrook has 2 half-caste girls in her care – wishes to retain them

Keywords: Matilda Hester, Rev A Burton, Yintheebung (Minnie), Yandirrthyango (Lizzie)

[File cover]
188/07
Recd: A Burton, Middle Swan
Subject: Two h.c. children in charge of Mrs M A Hester, Bullsbrook – security required that she may retain these children
Letter to Revd A Burton – 10/523
Assent to Mrs Hester – 10/521
11.03.07

[Letter]
5th March 1907
From: A Burton, Swan Native and Half-Caste Mission, Middle Swan
To: The Chief Protector of Aborigines, Perth
Dear Sir,
Mrs Matilda Anne Hester, widow, of Bull’s Brook has in her care two half-caste children who were formally indentured to her on 30th April 1903 under the names of Yintheebung (alias Minnie) and Yandirrthyango (alias Lizzie). Previous to this date Mrs Hester says that she had the care of the children for at least 5 years, i.e. from the time that the elder one was about 6 and the younger one about 2 years old.
They have been taught the rudiments of reading, writing and arithmatic and attend the Govt School at Bullsbrook.
I desire to recommend that if possible some security be given to Mrs Hester to enable her to retain these children under her control as a danger lies ahead if other persons can entice them away with impunity. I am quite satisfied that they are in good hands.
Yours very truly,
A Burton

[File cover]
824/06
From: Mrs M A Hester, Bull’s Brook
Subject: Care of 2 h.c. girls who have been under indenture (Minnie & Lizzie)
Mr Peshell [secretary]
Please copy and hand to Mrs Logue (her sister) my reply to Mrs Hester
HCP [Henry Prinsep]
13.10.06
done 10/147

[Letter: there appears to have been a first page to this letter that is now missing]
…her at first, but she is quite strong now. She is very little use yet being too young to do anything. She is attending the State School. The elder girl was about six when I took her, she is now between 13 & 14 years, her mother gave her to me, she had a black father and when they left the station, to go on to the tin fields they left her with me. So I though it was my duty to bring her away as all young girls got the bad on the fields.
It would be very hard for me to part with them now as I have had them so long and I am very fond of the children and I have had a lot of expense with them.
They are both attending the State School and are getting on well.
I would like to adopt them so that I can look after them the same as my own children. If you would allow me to, my sister will be able to give you any thing you wish to know.
Yours Faithfully,
M. A. Hester

[Extract from Minnie’s school book]

Katitjin Notes:
Matilda Hester (1865-1956), nee Logue, was married to Frederick Henry Valentine Hester in 1895 and lived at Mallina Station until it was destroyed by cyclone in 1898, at which time it is likely that the couple moved to Abydos Station,  which was owned and managed by her brother Joseph Ephraim Hester, where she remained even after her husband’s death in 1901. It was during this time that Matilda took Lizzie and Millie into her care. In 1903, when Lizzie and Millie were formally indentured to her, she was living at Abydos Station. In 1906, Matilda moved to Bullsbrook and took the two girls with her; she then moved back to the Logue family home “The Camp” in Mornington Mills.

J Isdell, Broome. General report (as Travelling Protector) Part 1

State Records Archive
Consignment: 652
Item: 1908/0332

Title: J Isdell, Broome. General report (as Travelling Protector)

Keywords: James Isdell, Broome, Willy Creek, Barred Creek, John McCarthy, police

[Letter]
Broome
8 Feb ’08
To: Chief Protector, Perth
Sir,
Two of my horses having gone astray I have been delayed but have just got them and leave on Monday 10th.
With reference to the murder of a black woman by her man and of which I wired now. I was acquainted with both and considered [illeg.] a dangerous character and I think there will be some difficulty in capturing him. My complaint in the matter shared with most of Broome residents is the totally inadequate police protection for such a town as Broome with its population of over 1000 Asiatic and 200 Aborigines. I do not know of any northern coastal town that has greater claims for mounted police than Broome. This large number of aborigines within a hundred miles radius alone entitles the place to one. The foul murder of a black woman within a mile of the town, shows the necessity of it. It was not a tribal murder, but I think that drink and coloured men had something to do with it, at any rate owing to there being [illeg.] mounted police our outfit for such, no steps were taken to follow up the murderer. I can safely say that if it had been a white man or woman that was so fatally murdered both horses and police would have been quickly formed. At present there are only two foot police in Broome. One of those is a water policeman having charge of the jetty. The other one is a new arrival straight off the streets of Perth, totally ignorant of aborigines and asiatics, who is although willing enough, totally unacquainted with natives and their ways and equally so with the horde of aliens. The corporal in charge cannot do outside duty, as his whole time is taken up in the office, writing red tape reports, etc. There is one solitary useless horse worth about £5 at most and this is the [illeg.] to the district, murder or any other legally foul crime can be committed with impunity and no police to check or follow up the criminals. The whole police arrangements are a real disgrace to the police dept and the govt for allowing it to exist. I blame Sub-Inspector McCarthy who is in charge of the district and resides in Derby. He is well aware of the state of affairs, but as economy in the police dept means practically [illeg.] promotion of course it is his interest to keep down expenses even the use of a native to look the horse or as a tracker is a farce. I’m having to get a boy if available at his own expense. The whole business is a disgrace and I hope questions will be asked as soon as [illeg.] that will expose the present mal-administration of the dept.
I remain yours obediently,
James Isdell

[Letter]
Barred Creek
18.02.08
To: Chief Protector, Perth
Sir,
I left Broome on Tuesday 11th en route for Carnot Bay. On Sunday before leaving a native named Jacky murdered his woman about a mile from Broome. As there is only the corporal and one foot policeman and a water policeman at the jetty, with no horses nor outfit to follow up the murder however I am glad to say I succeeded in capturing Jacky yesterday evening, with a little strategy and assistance from Capt Frances of the schooner Hercules he is now safe on board the schooner and I am sending him into Broome on a lugger today. I have no means of securing him in camp otherwise have taken him by horses.
I visited Willy Creek and saw a fair number of natives, as this creek is the best fishing ground along this coast, between Broome and Carnot Bay, I will shift all natives from Barred Creek to there. There are three coloured men camped cutting firewood and only boats for firewood enter the Creek. I visited some native wells in the Pindan but found these all dry. From Willy Creek I pushed on to Barred Creek arriving on Sunday. A very large number of natives were camped here but they had cleared our before I arrived. However most of them went away to Willy Creek and Streeter’s Station, of course when I leave they will all come back as they are well aware that there is no mounted police in the district. Capt Frances, who has a large staff of coloured me, overhauling his boats, complains very truthfully and bitterly about the neglect of the police dept in not having a mounted man to keep the natives away. They demoralise his men and prevent him keeping order amongst them. He wrote to Corp Stewart on the matter, I saw his letters on the day I left Broome. I told the Corporal to take it to the Acting Resident Magistrate as he had charge of the district and that I had done my best to get a mounted man and would not bother any more. Last December I had a wire from your department stating a good man was coming from Wyndham but have heard nothing further. On Sunday 9th, Capt Frances informs me a boat arrived from Broome with grog on board. Consequently there was a wild orgie amoungst the natives for a day or two, many of them getting knocked about fighting. I would strongly recommend the closing of Barred Creek against all natives starting from south bank of the mouth of the creek, thence 2 miles south, thence 2 miles east, thence 4 miles north, thence 2 miles west to coast, this would take in all the camping ground. Barred Creek is not a good fishing ground and after the boats leave no natives come near the creek until following lay up season. Willy Creek, 10 miles south of Barred Creek, is their main camping ground.
There has been very little rain anywhere, the country being very dry, last year up to end of January the average was 27 inches, this year to date it is barely 9 inches, a vast difference. I am afraid that if a change does not soon take place large numbers of back country abos will flock into the coast for food and water. I am afraid that along the southern coast from Broome to Wallal will be very bad and a large number of abos thrown on hands of the Dept for food. It must be remembered that the whole of that line of coast has been leased. The natives have not any acre of land of their own. The Govt stock route wells are being used by some [illeg.] stations and a native is not allowed to camp on any of them. This is a public scandal unless some provision is made by the way of reserves in the near future I am sure the relief expenditure will keep mounting. My past correspondence I have spoken strongly re this point and hope the [illeg.] country will be resumed for native purposes.
I remain yours obediently,
James Isdell

Aboriginal woman and half-caste son of late John McKenzie

State Records Archive
Consignment: 652
Item: 1910/0318
Title: James Isdell. Queensland. Aboriginal woman and half-caste son of late John McKenzie, Frog Hollow

Keywords: Frog Hollow Station, John MacKenzie, James Isdell, Sam Muggleton, McGrath, Beagle Bay, Turkey, Lilly

[Telegram]
18 Mar 1910
Telegram from Halls Creek
To Aborigines Dept, Perth
McKenzie Frog Hollow accidentally shot left Queensland aborigine woman and half-caste son aged four. Also left property cattle horses. What steps advisable secure woman’s return own country if she wishes and sufficient have son brought up Beagle May Mission. Send reply for police assistant. Isdell

[Letter]
18.3.10
Halls Creek
To Chief Protector, Perth
Sir,
Two cases of death of white men have just taken place in Halls Creek district in which natives are slightly interested. John McKenzie was accidentally shot a few days ago at Turkey Creek. He lived at Muggleton’s Frog Hollow Station and was the owner of cattle, horses and some pastoral leases. He had at the station an aboriginal woman belonging to Queensland and a young half-caste boy. I wrote to you about him last year, unfortunately I can not give you the date, as I was compelled to leave a lot of my books at [illegible] as I had no room to carry them back to Halls Creek.
In the winding up of his estate provision should be made to send the woman back to her country and to bring the boy up at Mission Station. The boy is about 4 years old and McKenzie told me he intended to send him south for education as soon as he was 6 years old.
The second case happened a few days after when S Muggleton, owner of Frog Hollow Station, was found the bush, very ill, along with his horse, he was brought home but died shortly after. He is supposed to have had a fall from his horse. On his station are a family of aboriginal girls named McGrath and they own some cattle and horses. Muggleton told me one of the girls had 8 or 9 cattle and another one horses. I also wrote you last year on this matter because the mother of these girls was on the indigent list receiving relief at Halls Creek. Mr Way, the RM, left Halls Creek yesterday to hold inquiry and I gave him notes of both cases, but I thought it advisable that the Department should instruct police or else magistrate to make full inquiries, also that magistrate protect the girls and also woman and child of McKenzie.
I remain, yours obediently,
James Isdell

[Letter]
26.3.11
To Chief Protector, Perth
Sir,
Constable Taylor, Turkey Creek, took 6 half-castes to Wyndham last February, for transmission to Beagle Bay, included amongst them is a son of the late John McKenzie of Frog Hollow. Mr McKenzie left a half share in a cattle station to his brother and he was to look after the boy, but he is a ne’er-do-well and had no money of means of sending the boy away and paying for his keep. As the little boy was being neglected and practically living with aborigines I sent him away. As McKenzie’s estate can well afford to pay for him, what steps had best be taken to compel the brother to do so. The latter does not deny his liability.
Frog Hollow Station is likely to change ownership, and consequently probably new arrangements may have to be made re killing cattle for natives. I previously wrote to the Department with reference to a mare on the station belonging to a half-caste girl (Lilly) sent to Beagle Bay two years ago, but have received no reply. I would suggest that she be sold and proceeds remitted to the Beagle Bay Mission to help pay for the girl’s keep. The mare is old and worth about £8 or £9. Both Turkey and her half-caste son, now grown up, have horses, about 16 in number, but most of them belong to Turkey, who is an aborigine woman belonging to Northern Territory, but has been here for nearly 20 years. In the event of the station changing ownership, there may possibly be some bother over them. I would like to receive full instructions to act on your behalf in protecting the woman’s interest.
I remain, Yours obediently,
James Isdell

[Letter]
318/10
6th May, 1911
To Mr J Isdell
Travelling Protector of Aborigines
Turkey Creek
I beg to acknowledge receipt of your letter of 26th March last, and to inform you that an illegitimate child has no standing in law against the estate of its father.
The brother of the deceased McKenzie could not be compelled to contribute to the support of such a child, and unless he voluntarily assists, the law could not force him to do so.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
Turkey Creek
8.6.11
To Chief Protector of Aborigines, Perth
Sir,
With reference to your letter 318/10, 6th May, re late McKenzie’s illegitimate son, as the father fully acknowledged his son and expressed his intention to me and others to educate and have him taught a trade, and as he died leaving ample property to meet a charge for his upbringing, I should have thought the estate would be liable, if the father is liable when alive (as he would be under the Aborigines Act) then his estate should be liable at his death. The mother, I am afraid, will do little for the boy.
I remain, Yours obediently,
James Isdell

Katitjin Notes:

Questions: What became of John McKenzie’s little boy? What became of Turkey and her cattle? What became of the McGrath girls and their property? Was their legal rights to that property recognised?

Isdell, James (1849-1919)
James Isdell was a pastoralist, parliamentarian, and traveling protector of Aborigines. Although he expresses compassion in his communications in this record, he was more notoriously known for being the instigator of the Canning Stock Route and an “enthusiastic child removalist.” The following quote is from a chapter by Robert Manne, in the book Genocide and settler society: frontier violence and stolen indigenous children in Australian history (2004), edited by A. Dirk Moses:

The most enthusiastic West Australian child removalist in these early days was James Isdell, the former pastoralist and parliamentarian, who was appointed traveling protector for the north in 1907. On 13 Nov 1908, Isdell wrote from the Fitzroy River district to the Chief Inspector, Charles Gale. “I consider it a great scandal to allow any of these half-caste girls to remain with the natives.” On 15 Jan 1909, Gale issued Isdell with the authority to “collect all half-caste boys and girls” and to transport them to Beagle Bay. Isdell expressed his gratitude: “It should have been done years ago.” By May 1909, he was able to report from Wyndham that the entire East Kimberley region had been “cleaned up.”
Isdell was aware that sentimentalists from the south sometimes wrote letters to newspapers “detailing the cruelty and harrowing grief of the mothers.” He regarded such complaints as nonsensical. “Let them visit and reside for a while” in one of the native camps and see for themselves “the open indecency and immorality and hear the vile conversations ordinarily carried on which these young children see, listen to, and repeat.” Isdell did not believe that the Aboriginal mother felt the forcible removal of her child more deeply than did a bitch the loss of a pup. “I would not hesitate,” he wrote, “to separate any half-caste from its Aboriginal mother, no matter how frantic momentary grief might be at the time. They soon forget their offspring.” “All Aboriginal women,” he explained in letters to Gale “are prostitutes at heart” and all Aborigines are “dirty, filthy, immoral.” (Moses 2004, 222-223)

Muggleton, Samuel (1855-1910)
Sam Muggleton, born in NSW, he went to Queensland for 15 years before coming to Western Australia where he lived for 20 years as a stockman and then pastoralist at Frog Hollow, where he worked his stock with John McKenzie and Turkey, an Aboriginal woman from Borroloola in the Northern Territory. Frog Hollow had a reputation for “kindness to Aborigines” in that the workers had some degree of autonomy on the station. More about Sam Muggleton here.
See also Item: 1909/0042

MacKenzie, John
From the West Australian newspaper 16 Mar 1910
Mr John McKenzie, who was killed on Frog Hollow Station, was also an old identity in the district. He had been a stockman, but by hard work had attained a position of some affluence and was a partner with Messrs Cranwell and Yates in a station adjoining Alice Downs. His age was about 53
http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/26251937

Item 1909/49 Timms

State Records Archive
Consignment: 652
Item: 1909/0049
Title: Recognisances. Sundry – H.O. Timms, Darlot Bros, A. Murray, Cheeky re

Keywords: Mardie Station, Harry Timms

[Letter]
Mardie Station, Onslow
1 Jan 1909
To: Chief Protector Aboriginals, Perth
Dear Sir,
There are two half caste aboriginals here, one a girl about sixteen and a boy about fourteen. I would like to take these two south with me.
I will be leaving the station, about 1st week in February.
I would like reply re this matter as soon as possible.
I desire to make servants of these two aboriginals and pay a small wage and would like to see them better cared for than knocking about a nigger camp.
My wife has taken a fancy to the girl and I could make the boy very useful.
I will be living down south after February near Broomehill.
I am not certain of conditions to be fulfilled in connection with half castes but would gladly comply with any. The above mentioned half castes have been on Mardie about three years.
The girl was born on the Ashburton at Forests or De Pledges and is married to a nigger here but I must say it seems a great shame to see her knocking about amongst niggers.
The boy was born at Chugmarra adjoining Mardie in O’Gradys time since purchased by Mardie.
As far as I remember the boy would be about 3 years old at that time and was then in Onslow for some years. Mother since dead. Supposed fathers of above one at Ashburton, other at Marble Bar.
Yours faithfully,
H O Timms

[Memo]
Mr Pechell
Wire permission to bring these two half castes down to Perth under the usual conditions.
C F Gale

[Telegram]
18.01.09
To: H O Timms, Mardie Station, Onslow
Permission bring two half-castes south granted provided both and native husband consenting parties and that you sign recognisance for their return presume your wife accompanies you. See Barry Onslow, sign recognisance.
C F Gale

[Telegram]
18.01.09
To Barry, Protector Aborigines, Onslow
Timms Mardie Station has permission bring two half-castes South provided all parties consent and that Timms signs recognisance before you for return natives and guarantees sufficient money presumes Mrs Timms accompanies husband. Send copy recognisance.
Chief Protector Aborigines

Katitjin Notes:

Timms, Harry Oliphant (1870-1942)
Harry Oliphant was born in Victoria, son of a station owner, and came to WA with the Coolgardie gold rush in 1893. With A R Richardson, his wife’s father, he was joint owner of Mardie Station, near Roebourne, before moving in 1909 to develop a stud sheep farm in Gnowangerup. He was a JP in Roebourne until 1909, and was “remembered as a man among men – kindly and genial – an honourable gentleman.” However, he was clearly condescending in his attitude towards Aboriginal people, whom he referred to as “niggers.”

Clothing for indigent natives

State Records Archive
Consignment: 652
Item: 1909/0046
Title: Lock Hospital – re Bon Marche a/c 69/2/9. Flannel & Co

Keywords: Bernier Island, Dorre Island, Lock Hospitals, Boolgin Station, Bangemall, Bremer Bay, Broome, Carnarvon, Cranbrook, Cue, Dairy Creek, Cossack, Derby, Esperance, Gascoyne, Halls Creek, Kanowna, Katanning, Kellerberrin, Lawlers, Mandurah, Mt Magnet, Mt Phillip, Mulline, Nannine, Norseman, Northampton, Nullagine, Onslow, Peak Hill, Roebourne, Sharks Bay, Whim Creek, Wiluna, Yalgoo, Yathalla Station, Charles Fartiere, Henry Brodribb, clothing

[This file has been divided according to the places and dates of the correspondence contained therein. There are also a number of items in this file that are discussions about clothing manufacture between Chief Protector Aborigines and the storekeeper at Fremantle Gaol, where the clothing for the department was made, as well as tenders and accounts for clothing and fabrics, which have not been transcribed – if further information is required, please contact Katitjin]

Bernier & Dorre Island Lock Hospitals

[Memo]
From Chief Protector of Aborigines
To Corporal Buckland, Wyndham
Oct 2, 1908
I am forwarding to you, by SS Bullarra, today 6 dresses and 6 blankets for use of Aboriginal Natives being transported to Bernier Island.
Please note that the above are for the use of the women only, suffering from venereal disease, and the patients are to be supplied with one of each before being put on the boat.
[Appended note]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Six blankets and six dresses were received and issued to native women suffering from venereal disease who were sent to Bernier Island. Two other dresses had to be purchased locally as eight women were sent and an account for payment has been issued.
Buckland

[Letter]
From: Charles Moore & Co, general merchants
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Dec 17, 1908
Dear Sir,
Re 50 costumes, which your Stores Manager at North Fremantle could not trace. We have to advise that these were signed for by J T Odgers on Oct 23rd.
Yours faithfully,
Charles Moore & Co
[Appended note]
Mr MacGregor
Please ascertain from Mr Odgers what became of this parcel. Is this the brown paper parcel referred to in previous correspondence and sent away by you on Minilya?
E W Pechell
Dec 18, 1908
[Appended note]
This is the same parcel. It was forwarded to Dorre Island Native Hospital.
J MacGregor
Dec 22, 1908

[Memo]
Govt Stores to Chief Protector of Aborigines
Dec 23, 1908
I find that the clothing mentioned, was not sent to North Fremantle, but to Fremantle, and same was forwarded to Dorre Island Native Hospital per the S S Minilya, about the end of October. Vide my letter to you of 29th Oct last.
G W Sampson
[Appended note]
C P A
Please see above minute from which it would appear costumes have gone to Dorre Island. Where would they be now? Perhaps at Carnarvon? If so, they could be sent to Bernier Island where clothing is required.
E W Pechell
[Appended note]
Wharfinger, Carnarvon
Dec 24, 1908
Sent per Minilya end October last parcel costumes addressed Dorre Island. Were they landed at Carnarvon. If so please advise where are they now
C P Gale

[Telegram]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Dec 26, 1908
No package landed per Minilya. Package costumes landed ex Bullarra October eighth. Police in possession
Wharfinger, Carnarvon

[Telegram]
To: Police, Carnarvon
Dec 31, 1908
Understand costumes native women landed per Bullarra October last in your possession. Please send first opportunity to Dr Lovegrove Bernier Island and inform me how many sent.
E W Pechell

[Letter]
The Storekeeper, Fremantle Prison
24 Aug, 1909
With reference to the 400 yards of denim forwarded to our Department recently by the Government Stores, I have to advise that this is required for trousers for this Department. Before making these up however, I shall be glad if you will make a sample pair, as Dr Lovegrove, Superintendent Medical Officer of the Lock Hospitals, advises that so far as trousers for the diseased natives are concerned, it would be better if these were made with running strings, somewhat like pyjamas. I shall be glad therefore, if you will have a sample pair made as early as possible, and forwarded to this Department.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Telegram]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
11 hands safe. Genesta totally wrecked Dorre thirteenth. Dinghy stove in. Parted cable easterly gale, piled up rocks south and white beach all gear salvaged. Waited weather, proceeded Bernier hospital dinghy. Returned Carnarvon this morning per relief boat [remaining sentence blacked out]. No blankets clothing Dorre. Dresses shirts urgently required [remaining sentence blacked out].
Brodribb

[Report]
Clothing – Dorre Island
There were no stocks of native clothing or blankets on hand. In connection with the manufacture of trousers for the native patiets, Dr Lovegrove desires that these shall be made with running strings, in place in buttons, as if made in this way, the work of dressing the patients will be far more handy. He asked me to see Dr Hickenbotham in connection with this matter, which I did, and he confirmed Dr Lovegrove’s view.
Brodribb

[Telegram]
Angelo, Carnarvon
30 Aug, 1909
Send over soon as possible doctor will have go Dorre with men to instruct orderly treatment return doctor Bernier thence Carnarvon load Mauds be sure blankets per Minderoo gone Dorre otherwise no blankets Dorre provide men sufficient temporary clothing pending supplies Koombana
Chief Protector Aborigines

[Letter]
The Storekeeper, Fremantle Prison
Aug 30, 1909
Please consign per Koombana, to the Officer in Charge, Dorre Island, c/o Mr E H Angelo, Carnarvon, 25 pairs trousers and 25 shirts
Chief Protector Aborigines

[Letter]
Dr F Lovegrove,
Bernier Island,
C/o Mr E H Angelo,
Carnarvon
Sept 3, 1909
With reference to your requisition for 400 yds of striped galatea for dresses, I beg to advise that we are forwarding 100 yds of this galatea, and 300 yds of other material, as we were unable to buy the galatea under contract. The other material was used by the Lunacy Department for dresses, and I think your Matron will find it very suitable.
Chief Protector Aborigines

[Letter]
The Storekeeper, Fremantle Prison
With reference to the pyjama trousers for the natives,the sample is to hand, and I am returning it under cover this day. These trousers should be open for a few inches in the front, like ordinary pyjamas, otherwise the pattern will do. Please make up 50 pairs in this way, and consign them to “The Officer in Charge, Dorre Island, c/o Mr E H Angelo, Carnarvan.” I shall be glad also if you will advise me when these goods are consigned.
Chief Protector Aborigines

Balla Balla Station

[Letter]
Balla Balla Station
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Mar 24, 1909
Dear Sir,
I now write you re Aborigines clothing for the winter: the weather in May gets cold and it is necessary for clothing to be here by that time. The trousers for the males require to be full length. Last year your department sent knickerbockers.
Yours faithfully,
Geo R Ray

[Letter]
To Mr George R Ray, Balla Balla
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through the Police at Cossack, a parcel of clothing containing 4 pair trousers, 4 shirts and 5 dresses for indigent natives. When this parcel comes to hand please advise me.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police Station, Cossack
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr Geo R Ray, forwarded under your care to Cossack. Will you be so good as to have this parcel forwarded to Mr Ray at Balla Balla.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Bangemall & Gascoyne Junction

[Memo]
March 3, 1908
Subject: Clothing to Natives
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
It is frequently brought our notice that the old natives under relief up country are in want of clothing. We have either to buy the things 2nd hand in Perth, or order them made at the nearest “Centre”. Both of these ways are expensive and the 2nd hand clothes are not generally suitable. I would suggest a contract being called for through the Tender Board for clothing for men and women of some warm material – shirt and trousers for men and skirts for women. They could be stored here and sent out as required.
E W Pechell
PS Attached herewith is an extract from Mr Fartiere on the subject
[Page 2]
While on the clothing subject I may point out that the Natives receiving Govt assistance for rations are very unfortunately situated respecting the clothing part. The stations look upon the natives as being under government support and not requiring further attention with the result that the blacks are often in the most inclement time of the year left in a state bordering on nudity and I can point out that was the condition I found the Bangemall natives during my visit to that locality, they were a most miserable collection of unfortunates – cold, bleak, wet weather, piercing cold winds – several of them suffering from coughs and chest complaints with barely anything on to cover their nakedness and certainly not sufficient to meet what is required for decency sake, irrespective of health requirements. I certainly consider this a matter which requires the Department’s condemnation, etc etc.

[Memo]
[Undated – December, 1908]
To: Fartiere, Onslow
When you come across urgent cases natives requiring relief, rations, clothing, make arrangements yourself. Do not wait for authority. Have arranged for Bangemall natives clothing.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Mar 9, 1909
Sir,
Kindly forward to me for use of the old and decrepit abo in the locality 12 dresses for old women, 12 pairs of trousers and 12 shirts for the old men. I will see that they are distributed judiciously, and as the winter is fast approaching I would urge that the aforementioned be sent at once, addressed to care of the Carnarvon Police.
Const E Spry
Junction Police Station,
Gascoyne River

[Letter]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I should like to draw your attention to the number of natives about without clothes, and in view of the fast approach of winter, I would ask that you should cause to be sent to the OIC Junction, via Carnarvon, two dozen suits of clothes, and a similar number of dresses for the women, suitable for these old and decrepit natives. These will be issued subject to discrimination. I might add that Constable Spry is at present absent, and should be back in the course of a few weeks. However, I should be glad to learn as early as possible your views on the matter, and await your instructions in regard to such.
F C Gray, Constable
[Appended note]
Approved
C Gale
10 May, 1909

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police Station, Carnarvon
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr Robert Wilkinson, forwarded under your care. When this comes to hand will you kindly send it on to Mr Wilkinson.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Mr Robert Wilkinson, Bangemall
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through the Police at Carnarvon, a parcel of clothing containing 5 pair trousers, 5 shirts and 7 dresses for indigent natives. When this parcel comes to hand please advise me.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
Bangemall
To: H A Herbert, Storekeeper, F[remantle] P[rison]
Sept 1, 1909
Dear Sir,
Yours of 6.7.09, I have not received invoice or clothing from the police of Carnarvon. I believe P C Grey is using them for the diseased natives, which he is collecting from the district and the natives on the relief are practically without clothing.
Yours Faithfully,
R Wilkinson

[Letter]
The Officer in Charge,
Police Station,
Carnarvon
Oct 16, 1909
Some time in April, or early in May a consignment of clothing was sent by the Fremantle Prison to Mr R Wilkinson, Bangemall, c/o the Police, Carnarvon. Mr Wilkinson now advises me that he has never received this clothing, which for the use of indigent natives. He further states that he believes it is being used by Constable Gray, for the diseased natives which he is now collecting in the district. I shall be glad if you can let me have any information in regard to this matter.
Chief Protector Aborigines
[Appended letter]
29 Oct 1909
To: Sergt Stokes
I respectfully beg to note the remarks of the Chief Protector and I have to inform you that two parcels of clothing were received here at this Station addressed [?] Police from the Protector of Aborigines, and no address on them directing either of them to Bangemall. Neither have I received any advice that any parcel of clothing was forwarded to Bangemall from Aborigines Dept.
I had applied some time back for [?] clothes and took it they were sent in answer to my application. Const Gray informed me that the natives at Bangemall are not in want of any clothes. No doubt it advice had been sent to me and they had been properly addressed they would have reached Bangemall if these clothes had been intended for that place.
I may also state that most of the clothing was used by Const Gray to clothe the diseased natives which he was collecting for the Island.
Const Spry

Boolgin Station

[Extract from letter]
Boolgin Station
May 2, 1909
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Dear Sir
+ + + + +
The natives are very badlly off for clothing… please find a list of the names of natives who have a just claim for clothing…
H Hunter
Original in 19/09 and list of natives in 173/09

[Letter]
To: Mr H Hunter, Boolgin Station, Cape Levique, via Derby
June 29, 1909
Sir,
I have to acknowledge your favour of May 2, making application for blankets and clothing for indigent natives. This letter only reached me yesterday. As it will take a month or six weeks for these goods to reach you, and by that time the winter will be over, I hardly see any use in forwarding them now. Your request however has been noted for supplies next winter, and these will be forwarded to you early, in order to be in time.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
Boolgin Station
5 July 1909
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Sir,
I beg to acknowledge receipt of native rations, which came to hand on the 2nd of July. I regret to say that no blankets or clothing have come to hand. I wrote your Department some time ago, advising them that blankets and clothing should be available in April, again in May I wrote stating that the natives are very badly off for clothing and blankets, and enclosing a list of the names of the natives who have a just claim for blankets and clothing.
There are over 200 natives on this peninsula and when they see the natives of the south-west of them about Beagle Bay and the natives to the north-east of them, about Sunday Island, with their winter outfits, they naturally ask why they are being left out in the cold. The whole of these natives come to me for assistance, but I cannot afford to supply blankets and clothing or I would willingly do so.
For the past six weeks I have been sewing together the empty flour bags, to provide some sort of covering, but flour bags are a poor substitute for blankets and clothing. Many years ago, when I first came to the colony, I was given to understand that every native in Australia could get a fit out once a year, by simply asking for it. It was then known as the Queen’s bounty, and judging by the crown on the blankets, it is only reasonable to suppose that it is now the King’s bounty.
Assuming that it is state property I venture to remark that if the funds at the disposal of the Department being insufficient to provide blankets and clothing for the natives in this district, the matter could be brought under the notice of the Government, through our member for the district, for I am sure he would have the support of the settlers of the district in that respect. Trusting that a supply of blankets and clothing will be sent forward as soon as possible.
I am, Sir,
(signed) Henry Hunter
PS Rations will last till the end of September.
[Note] Original letter in 19/09

[Telegram]
9 Aug, 1909
To: Isdell, Travelling Protector Aborigines, Fitzroy Crossing
Hunter Boolgin Station complaining absence blankets and clothing two hundred natives please look into and report when visiting.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Bremer Bay

[Letter]
To Messrs Drew, Robinson & Co, Albany
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing forwarded to you, addressed to Mr Edward Hanna, Bremer Bay. When this comes to hand will you please have it sent on.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Mr Edward Hanna, Bremer Bay
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through Messrs Drew, Robinson & Co, a parcel of clothing containing 4 pair trousers, 4 shirts and 4 dresses for indigent natives. When this parcel comes to hand please advise me.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Broome

To: Officer in Charge Police, Broome
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing containing 12 pairs trousers, 12 shirts and 12 dresses. When these come to hand will you please distribute them among the indigent natives.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Carnarvon

[Letter]
To: Messrs Dalgety & Co, Ltd, Carnarvon
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, on your station. This parcel contains 2 pairs trousers, 2 shirts and 6 dresses.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Cossack

[Letter]
To Mr T Rogers, Cossack
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through the Police at Cossack, a parcel of clothing containing 3 pair trousers, 3 shirts and 4 dresses for indigent natives. Will you please call at the Police Station for this parcel.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police Station, Cossack
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr T Rogers, forwarded under your care to Cossack. Mr Rogers will call at the Police Station for this parcel.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Cranbrook

[Letter]
To Mr A C Gardiner, Cranbrook
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you a parcel of clothing containing one dress for an indigent native. Please advise when this parcel comes to hand.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
May 14, 1909
Sir,
I have this day received, per post from Gaol Dept WA advice note 1537, 1 dress. Kindly advise me which native I have to give this to and you will greatly oblige.
Yours faithfully,
A C Gardiner

[Letter]
To: Mr A Gardner, Cranbrook
May 19, 1909
Sir,
I have the honor to acknowledge yours of the 11th instant, with reference to one dress forwarded to you. Only one dress was forwarded, as by our ration register it would appear that your last account, from 1st dec to 22nd Feb, was only for the relief of one female native. That being the case, the dress forwarded was for that native.
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Cue

[Letter]
To Mr A Brodie, Cue
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police in Nannine, a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, containing 2 dresses. Will you kindly call at the Police Station for this parcel.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Cue
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I am arranging to have forwarded through you a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr A Brodie. Please hand this parcel to Mr Brodie when he calls.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Dairy Creek Station (Daury Creek)

[Letter]
Dairy Creek Station, Upper Gascoyne, WA
Aug 7, 1909
To: Chief Protector Aborigines
Would you kindly send clothing for eight old and infirm aborigines natives, six women and two men.
R E Lewis, for John Fitzpatrick

Derby

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police, Derby
Apr 21, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to forward to you a parcel of clothing, consisting of 3 pair trousers, 3 shirts and 4 dresses. Will you please have these distributed among the indigent natives.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Esperance

[Letter]
To Messrs Drew, Robinson & Co, Albany
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing addressed to Postmaster Esperance. When this comes to hand will you please have it sent on.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Mr F J Daw, Postmaster, Esperance
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through Messrs Drew, Robinson & Co, a parcel of clothing containing 6 pair trousers, 6 shirts and 6 dresses for indigent natives. When this parcel comes to hand please advise me.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
Esperance
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Dear Sir,
You advised me a few weeks back a parcel of drapery from Drew Robinson was about to be sent me for distribution. This has now come to hand and I will await your further instructions before I distribute any of them.
I may say there’s not many natives here at the moment. Johnny Dib, his lubra & children, but there may be others come along if they should hear there is clothing for them. I will see in any case that those who are in want and destitute shall have them.
I am, Sir, yours faithfully,
F Daw

Gascoyne

[Letter]
To: Mr H E Stone, Gascoyne
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you through the Police at Geraldton, 5 pair of trousers, 5 shirts and 3 dresses for indigent natives. Please advise when these are received.
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police, Geraldton
Apr 21, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded under your care at Geraldton, a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr H E Stone, Gascoyne. When this comes to hand, will you be so good as to have it forwarded to Mr H E Stone.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Halls Creek

[Telegram]
Weather Halls Creek bitterly cold no blankets yet arrived absolutely necessary blankets and shirts trousers dresses for old people be sent arrive not later that April.
Isdell

Kanowna

[Letter]
To Mr G L Jones, Kanowna
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through the Police at Kanowna, a parcel of clothing containing 2 pair trousers, 2 shirts and 2 dresses for indigent natives. Will you please call at the Police Station for this parcel.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Kanowna
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded, under your care at Kanowna, a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr G L Jones. Mr Jones will call at the police station for this parcel
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Katanning

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Katanning
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you a parcel of clothing containing 6 pair trousers, 6 shirts and 10 dresses for indigent natives. When this parcel is received please distribute to the natives.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Kellerberrin

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police Station, Kellerberin
Apr 21. 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mrs J Adams, forwarded to you. Mrs Adams has been asked to call on you for this parcel.
Chief Protector of Aborigines
[Appended notes]
Received this 26th day of May 1909 from Constable Police Kellerberrin one box of clothing for indigent aboriginal natives. Jane Adams
Per Insp Woods
Respectfully forwarded box of clothing handed over to Mrs Adams – her acknowledgement.
Cahill 28.6.09

[Letter]
To Mrs J Adams
Apr 21, 1909
Madam,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police Kellerberrin, a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, containing 1 pair trousers, 1 shirt and 3 dresses. If you will call on the Police this will be handed to you.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police Station, Kellerberin
Apr 21. 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Messrs Leake Bros, forwarded to you. Messrs Leake Bros have been asked to call on you for this parcel.
Chief Protector of Aborigines
[Appended notes]
28.06.09 Received from Const Cahill clothing for indigent aboriginal natives. Leake Bros
Per Insp Woods
Respectfully forwarded box of clothing handed over to Messrs Leake Bros
Cahill 28.6.09

[Letter]
To: Messrs Leake Bros, Kellerberrin
21 Apr 1909
Sirs,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police, Kellerberrin, a package of clothing for indigent natives. Will you please call at the Police Station for these.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Lawlers

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Leonora
Apr 20, 1909
I am arranging to have forwarded through you a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr G W White, Lawlers. When this comes to hand will you kindly have it sent on.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Mr G W White, Lawlers
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you through the Police at Leonora, 3 pair of trousers, 3 shirts and 4 dresses for indigent natives. Please advise when these are received.
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Memo]
To: Storekeeper, Fremantle Prison
May 11, 1909
Will you please forward to the Police, Lawlers, as early as possible, the undermentioned clothing for aboriginal natives:-
12 dressses, 12 pairs trousers, 12 shirts
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Mandurah

[Letter]
To: Mr C Tuckey
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you through the Police at Pinjarra, a parcel of clothing containing 1 pair of trousers, 1 shirts and 2 dresses for indigent natives. Please advise when these are received.
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police Station, Pinjarra
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr C Tuckey, forwarded under your care to Pinjarra. Will you be so good as to have this parcel forwarded to Mr Tuckey.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter copy]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
May 24, 1909
You will see enclosed slip that I have received the clothing for natives. I am handing out same today.
Yours faithfully,
C Tuckey
Other portion of letter deals with rations to Hilda Mippy
Memo
Slip refered to is a receipt which should have been returned to the Storekeeper, Fremantle, This has now been returned. EL 27/5/09

Mt Magnet

[Letter]
To Police Constable McLernon, Mt Magnet
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you a parcel of clothing containing 3 pair trousers, 3 shirts and 2 dresses for indigent natives.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Mt Phillip

[Letter]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Mar 6, 1909
Dear Sir,
Please send blankets and clothes for the coming winter for the destitute natives mentioned in the enclosed return.
Yours faithfully,
Ayliffe & Oakley
3 Natives named on form referred to:-
Jabidy, Yarrabiddy, Barraga

Mulline

[Letter]
To Mr T D McAlpine
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through the Police at Menzies, a parcel of clothing containing 3 pair trousers, 3 shirts and 3 dresses for indigent natives. Please advise when this parcel comes to hand.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police Station, Menzies
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded a parcel under your care, addressed to T D McAlpine, Mulline. Will you kindly arrange to have this parcel sent on to Mr McAlpine.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
T D McAlpine, Store & Bakery, Mulline
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
May 25, 1909
Dear Sir,
The parcel which you forwarded to myself, through the Police at Menzies, has arrived here.
I am, yours respectfully,
T D McAlpine

Nannine

[Letter]
To Police Constable McDonald, Nannine
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you a parcel of clothing containing 5 pair trousers, 5 shirts and 5 dresses for indigent natives.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
Police Station, Nannine
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
May 23, 1909
The parcel of clothing forwarded by you, for use of indigent natives, was received on the 22nd inst.
J McDonald, Const 266

Norseman

[Letter]
To Mr T Donovan, Norseman
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through the Police at Norseman, a parcel of clothing containing 3 pair trousers, 3 shirts and 4 dresses for indigent natives. Will you please call at the Police Station for this parcel.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Leonora
Apr 21, 1909
I am arranging to have forwarded through you a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr T Donovan. Mr Donovan has been asked to call at the police station for this parcel.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Jun 3, 1909
Dear Sir,
Com 21/4/09 you wrote me that you were sending a parcel of clothing for indigent natives. Up to date I have not received any parcel, I am dropping you this note in case parcel has been sent and miscarried.
Yours faithfully,
J Donovan
[Appended notes]
Mr Long – Ring up Storekeeper Frem Prison and ascertain when sending. JB
Mr Brodbribb, If possible this clothing will be sent by post tomorrow. EL 8/6/09

[Letter]
To: Mr J Donovan, Norseman
Jun 9, 1909
Sir,
I have the honor to acknowledge yours of the 3rd instant, relative to a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, which has not yet been received. I have to advise that these should reach you within the next few days, as the Gaols Dept, who are making this clothing, were unable to complete it earlier.
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
Norseman
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Jun 21, 1909
Dear Sir,
The parcels of clothing for indigent natives arrived safely, and we have distributed contents as follows:
Nellie, aged woman, 1 dress
Bandy, aged woman, 1 dress
Minnie, aged woman, 1 dress
Total 4 dresses
Charlie 1, paralysed man, 1 shirt, 1 trousers
George, paralysed man, 1 shirt, 1 trousers
Charlie 2, aged man, 1 shirt, 1 trousers
Total 3 shirts, 3 trousers
The trooper here accompanied us, and distribution as above was made principally on his advice.
Yours faithfullly,
J Donovan

Northampton

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Northampton
I beg to inform you that I am forwarding a parcel of clothing for indigent natives addressed to Mr William Lucas, Northampton, care of yourself. Mr Lucas will call for this parcel.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Mr William Lucas, Northampton
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police Northampton, a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, containing 1 pair trousers, 1 shirt and 4 dresses. If you will call on the Police this will be handed to you.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Nullagine

[Letter]
To: Constable Stow, Protector of Aborigines, Nullagine
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through the Police at Port Hedland, a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, containing 12 pairs trousers, 12 shirts and 24 dresses. Please advise me when you receive this parcel.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police Station, Port Hedland
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded under your care at Port Hedland, a parcel addressed to Const H Stow, Nullagine. Will you kindly arrange to have this parcel forwarded as early as possible.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
7 July 1909
Police Station Nullagine
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Herewith acknowledge having received from Port Hedland by camel team – one parcel containing 24 dresses, 12 pair trousers, and 12 shirts – clothing for indigent natives.
H Stow
Protector

Onslow

[Letter]
To Police Constable Harry, Onslow
Apr 21, 1909
With reference to the clothing for indigent natives, I beg to inform you that the Storekeeper at the Fremantle Gaol has been asked to forward to you 6 pair trousers, 6 shirts and 6 dresses.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
Onslow Police Station
4 May, 1909
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
In reference to your memo 810 46/09, re clothing for indigent natives, I take it that the clothing mentioned is for Onslow Station.
If so, I beg to inform you that by order of the Resident Magistrate the said natives were provided with clothing locally on the 20th ult. Had I received any intimation from you that the Dept would send clothing of course none would have been supplied here.
I will with your authority hold the clothing here until the next half-year.
I might say that shirts and trousers for winter supply is not of much use to natives here (they feel the cold very much), they also require coats.
Const M Barry

Peak Hill

[Letter]
To Mr James O’Connor
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police in Nannine, a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, containing 4 pair trousers, 4 shirt and 6 dresses. Please let me know when this comes to hand.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Nannine
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I am arranging to have forwarded through you a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr James O’Connor. When this comes to hand will you kindly have it forwarded.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Telegram]
To Chief Protector Aborigines
24 Apr, 1909
Re natives about ten males fifteen females pitiable condition weather very cold advise send clothing when forwarding blankets
Inspector Sellinger

[Telegram]
To Inspector Sellinger, Peak Hill
24 Apr, 1909
Clothing railed Fremantle care Nannine today
Chief Protector Aborigines

[Memo]
Memo for Protector of Aborigines
24 Apr, 1909
Peak Hill advise your telegram of 24th to Inspector Sellinger is undelivered. The addressee has left.

[Telegram]
Apr 26, 1909
To: Officer in Charge, Police, Peak Hill
Re Inspector Sellenger’s wire clothing railed Fremantle care Nannine Saturday.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Memo]
To: The Store Keeper, Fremantle Prison
Apr 28, 1909
I beg to confirm my telephone message of Saturday last, requesting you to forward 15 dresses, 10 shirts, and 10 pairs of trousers to the Officer in Charge, Police, Peak Hill.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Report]
Police Dept, Cue
Oct 21, 1909
To: Chief Protector Aborigines
Whilst at Peak Hill I saw 20 out the 30 odd indigent aborigines mostly females, some of the women were indecent for want of clothes and the camp … some arrangement would have to be made for getting their rations out to them. I recommend that about 20 dresses in one piece of some strong and warm material be sent at Police at Peak Hill for distribution. The nights are cold and the debilitated state of these unfortunates and the … [remaining two lines illegible]
Drewry

[Letter]
To: Inspector Drewry, Police Station, Cue
28 Oct, 1909
I beg to acknowledge receipt of your letter of the 21st instant; and in reply to inform you that 20 dresses will be sent to the Police, Peak Hill, for distribution.
C F Gale
Chief Protector of Aborigines
[Appended note]
To: P C Buck, Peak Hill
To note and inform me if more dresses are required but see that they are issued only in needful cases.
Drewry
1.11.09
[Appended note]
Inspector Drewry,
I respectfully report having received per Geoff Carroll vans, this date, twenty dresses & twenty shirts. I respectfully ask to be supplied with another twenty dresses as there are a number of very old female natives who require dresses.
Louis Buck
3/12/09

Roebourne

[Telegram]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Mar 22, 1909
Stations this district asking clothing for indigent natives. Shall I purchase locally. Weather getting very cold.
Sergt Pilmer

[Telegram]
To: Sergt Pilmer, Roebourne
Apr 1, 1909
Am arranging to ship clothing for natives first boat leaving for North-West.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Roebourne
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you a parcel of clothing containing 24 pair trousers, 24 shirts and 24 dresses for indigent natives. Will you please arrange to distribute these among the indigent natives.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
Tambrey, Roebourne
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
June 8, 1909
Sir,
How is it that the pauper natives do not get their clothes and blankets till after the cold weather is now as so far no clothes have been sent up to the Tableland Police Station and as it is now in the middle of winter they are suffering from the cold as [illegible] that one of the blankets will not last a native for twelve months. Last year it was the same they got their clothes after the cold weather was over. The way the clothes are sent up is a disgrace to the Ab department and the dresses sent to the women are made of the [illegible] it is possible to get. Hoping you will see into this.
Yours truly,
William Cusack

[Letter extract]
Original in 173/09
Inspector’s Office, Roebourne
July 5, 1909
x x x x x x x
If you will permit me, I would suggest that instead of buying clothing locally for discharged native prisoners, a supply for distribution be forwarded from Fremantle Prison, the material is of better quality, and I venture to say would be found cheaper, in the event of your deciding to forward clothing for this purpose, I would require approximately 50 pairs of pants, 50 shirts, and 50 light leather belts, any surplus could be distributed to indigents as required, there is good strong accommodation here.
(Signed) W H Pilmer
[Appended notes]
Clothing approved order from Gaol
C F Gale
15.7.09

[Letter]
To: Sergeant Pilmer, Police Station, Roebourne
July 20, 1909
With reference to that portion of your letter of the 5th July asking to be supplied with 50 pairs of trousers, 50 shirts and 50 light leather belts, for indigent natives and discharged prisoners, I have to inform you that these cannot be sent at present, as the contracts for the supply of the necessary materials have only just been let, and it will be three or four months before they are to hand. The clothing mentioned will be forwarded to you as early as possible. The belts, however, have been ordered and these should be forwarded to you by the Gorgon, which is timed to leave Fremantle on the 24th instant.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Telegram]
Roebourne, Sergt Pilmer
[undated]
Please advise when next batch native prisoners will be discharged
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Telegram]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Next batch of prisoners due for discharge twenty-one twenty-third February
Sergt Pilmer

Sharks Bay

[Letter]
To: Mr A H Moore, Denham
21 Apr 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police, Shark Bay, a package of clothing for indigent natives, containing 2 pairs trousers, 2 shirts, and 2 dresses. Will you please call at the Police Station for these.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police, Sharks Bay
21 Apr 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded under your care a package of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr A H Moore, Denham. Mr Moore will call for this parcel.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Mr A H Moore, Denham
21 Apr 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police, Shark Bay, a package of clothing for indigent natives, containing 2 pairs trousers, 2 shirts, and 2 dresses. Will you please call at the Police Station for these.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
June 12, 1909
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
I have received this day from W H Clarke PO one parcel of clothing for indigent natives. I am awaiting your instructions as to the distribution of them as there is only one female native on the ration list at present.
Yours faithfully
Thomas Meekhumes

[Letter]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Sir,
I respectfully report that the parcels of clothing addressed as above duly to hand this date and have handed them over to Mr T Meekhumes, the contractor, who has taken over the business formerly carried on by Mr Moore.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
W H Clarke

[Letter]
To: Mr T Meekhumes, Shark Bay
July 8, 1909
Sir,
I beg to acknowledge receipt of your letter inquiring re the clothing forwarded to you for indigent natives. In reply will you please note that this clothing is for indigent natives only; and if there are none at present needing same, kindly keep on hand until it is required.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Whim Creek

[Telegram]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Infirm natives Balla Pool enquiring for clothing informed quantity forwarded April consignment blankets only received here.
Const Growden

[Telegram]
June 12. 1909
To: Constable Growden, Whim Creek
Clothing for natives forwarded by post per Burrumbest Wednesday last
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Wiluna

[Memo]
Police Station
Leonora
To: Const Walker, Wiluna
The articles mentioned in attached voucher have been forwarded to you through Cobb & Co.
L Hunter

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Leonora
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I am arranging to have forwarded through you a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr Walker. When this comes to hand will you kindly have it forwarded.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Mr William Walker, Wiluna
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police Leonora, a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, containing 1 pair trousers, 1 shirt and 9 dresses. Please advise when these are received.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines, Perth
Receipt herewith for clothing recd for aged natives.
Please note
I could do with a dozen more dresses and a dozen shirts and trousers for the aged natives here of both sexes. Also some clothing for native girls under 9 years of age. Six of them are running about at the Natives Camp in rags.
When forwarding goods of any kind to Wiluna, please forward via Nannine whence they can be forwarded here for 1d per lb.
Wm Walker
Protector

Yalgoo

[Letter]
To: Mr T Pidgeon
21 Apr 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police, Yalgoo, a package of clothing for indigent natives containing 5 pairs trousers, 5 shirts and 6 dresses. Will you please call at the Police Station for this clothing.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police, Yalgoo
21 Apr 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded under your care a package of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr T Pidgeon. Please hand this parcel to Mr Pidgeon when he calls.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Yathalla Station

[Telegram]
May 20, 1908
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Require authority purchase two dresses & shirt & pants sick natives Yathalla Station
Osborn, Sub-inspector

[Telegram]
To: Roebourne Police Station
Please purchase clothes sick natives Yathalla
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Interdepartmental correspondence

[Memo]
Subject: Clothing for Natives
Apr 16, 1908
To: Comptroller General of Prisons
Have you any objection to clothes for use of Ab. Natives being made up at the Fremantle Gaol. This Department will provide the stuff and pay for the making up – same as the Charities Dept.
C F Gale
[Reply]
Will be only too delighted to do so. I requested the department in 1906 to give us the same. I am glad there is now a chance of getting it.
[signature illegible] CG

[Memo]
To Govt Stores, Fremantle
Please forward the following number of blankets to the different places consigned to the names opposite:
Carnarvon, 20, Sergt Stokes
Onslow, 20, Corpl Barry
Cossack, 12, Coxwain Rodgers
Port Hedland, 15, Coxwain Fry
Broome, 10, Corpl Stewart
Derby, 10, Sub-Insptr McCarthy
Wyndham, 6, Corpl Buckland
C F Gale
Acting Chief Protector of Aborigines
Oct 2, 1908

[Memo]
Receipts & Issues of Aboriginal Native Clothing
Sherlock Station, 4.5.09, 2 dresses, 2 shirts, 2 trousers
Millstream Station, 8.5.09, 3 dresses
Springs Station, 8.5.09, 4 dresses, 1 shirt, 1 trousers
Cooyapooya Station, 29.5.09, 2 dresses, 2 shirts, 2 trousers
Discharged Native Prisoners, 12.6.09, 8 shirts, 8 trousers
Tableland natives, 15.6.09, 15 dresses, 10 shirts, 10 trousers

[Letter]
To The Stores Manager
I attach an order for 1,500 yards of shirting for the aborigines, Item No 2,238. Will you please have this made up into shirts – 300 large size, and the remainder medium size, all shirts to be made very long, both back and front, delivery to be made to this Department.
Chief Protector of Aborigines
2 Dec, 1908

[Memo]
Storekeeper, Govt Prison, Fremantle
Re Clothing for Aboriginal Natives
Jan 9, 1909
Costumes:-
I beg to inform you that I have ordered 450 yds of cloth (for women’s costumes) to be sent to you. These costumes should be slightly bigger than the ones previously made, as some of those sent to Bernier Island proved too small. More stuff will be sent shortly.
Shirts:-
650 yards shirting for 200 shirts. 40 shirts should be made so as to act as a costume for boys and girls under 14.
Trousering:-
443 yards of denim are being sent, and, including the 57 yards now in store, should make nearly 200 trousers. I note that you take the 77 knickers now in store off our hands. The new trousers should be made in the ordinary way, full length and with a fly instead of a flap. Please make a careful note of this. The knickers did not prove a success.
This clothing is urgently required.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Memo]
To Storekeeper, Fremantle Prison
Mar 25, 1909
Will you please let me know what garments you have at present made up and the total garments that will be made when all the stuff has been utilised. Please also let me know the date when you expect to complete the lot.
H H Brodribb
Chief Protector of Aborigines
[Appended notes]
Mr Brodribb
On hand:-
Dresses 113
Shirts 214
Trousers 153
Sufficient material to make 110 trousers on had. In three weeks time could give delivery
H Herbert, storekeeper, 27.3.09

[Letter]
To: Storekeeper, Fremantle Prison
Apr 1, 1909
With reference to our telephonic communication of this morning, I shall be glad if you will arrange to have shipped, at the earliest opportunity, the following native clothing:-
1) To the Officer in Charge, Police Station, Roebourne – 18 dresses, 18 shirts, 12 pairs trousers.
2) To Bernier Island, c/0 E H Angelo, Carnarvon – 60 shirts
3) To Constable E J Spry, Junction Police Station, Gascoyne River, c/o Police, Carnarvon – 12 dresses, 12 shirts, 12 pairs trousers.
Chief Protector of Aborigines