Broome

J Isdell, Broome. General report (as Travelling Protector) Part 1

State Records Archive
Consignment: 652
Item: 1908/0332

Title: J Isdell, Broome. General report (as Travelling Protector)

Keywords: James Isdell, Broome, Willy Creek, Barred Creek, John McCarthy, police

[Letter]
Broome
8 Feb ’08
To: Chief Protector, Perth
Sir,
Two of my horses having gone astray I have been delayed but have just got them and leave on Monday 10th.
With reference to the murder of a black woman by her man and of which I wired now. I was acquainted with both and considered [illeg.] a dangerous character and I think there will be some difficulty in capturing him. My complaint in the matter shared with most of Broome residents is the totally inadequate police protection for such a town as Broome with its population of over 1000 Asiatic and 200 Aborigines. I do not know of any northern coastal town that has greater claims for mounted police than Broome. This large number of aborigines within a hundred miles radius alone entitles the place to one. The foul murder of a black woman within a mile of the town, shows the necessity of it. It was not a tribal murder, but I think that drink and coloured men had something to do with it, at any rate owing to there being [illeg.] mounted police our outfit for such, no steps were taken to follow up the murderer. I can safely say that if it had been a white man or woman that was so fatally murdered both horses and police would have been quickly formed. At present there are only two foot police in Broome. One of those is a water policeman having charge of the jetty. The other one is a new arrival straight off the streets of Perth, totally ignorant of aborigines and asiatics, who is although willing enough, totally unacquainted with natives and their ways and equally so with the horde of aliens. The corporal in charge cannot do outside duty, as his whole time is taken up in the office, writing red tape reports, etc. There is one solitary useless horse worth about £5 at most and this is the [illeg.] to the district, murder or any other legally foul crime can be committed with impunity and no police to check or follow up the criminals. The whole police arrangements are a real disgrace to the police dept and the govt for allowing it to exist. I blame Sub-Inspector McCarthy who is in charge of the district and resides in Derby. He is well aware of the state of affairs, but as economy in the police dept means practically [illeg.] promotion of course it is his interest to keep down expenses even the use of a native to look the horse or as a tracker is a farce. I’m having to get a boy if available at his own expense. The whole business is a disgrace and I hope questions will be asked as soon as [illeg.] that will expose the present mal-administration of the dept.
I remain yours obediently,
James Isdell

[Letter]
Barred Creek
18.02.08
To: Chief Protector, Perth
Sir,
I left Broome on Tuesday 11th en route for Carnot Bay. On Sunday before leaving a native named Jacky murdered his woman about a mile from Broome. As there is only the corporal and one foot policeman and a water policeman at the jetty, with no horses nor outfit to follow up the murder however I am glad to say I succeeded in capturing Jacky yesterday evening, with a little strategy and assistance from Capt Frances of the schooner Hercules he is now safe on board the schooner and I am sending him into Broome on a lugger today. I have no means of securing him in camp otherwise have taken him by horses.
I visited Willy Creek and saw a fair number of natives, as this creek is the best fishing ground along this coast, between Broome and Carnot Bay, I will shift all natives from Barred Creek to there. There are three coloured men camped cutting firewood and only boats for firewood enter the Creek. I visited some native wells in the Pindan but found these all dry. From Willy Creek I pushed on to Barred Creek arriving on Sunday. A very large number of natives were camped here but they had cleared our before I arrived. However most of them went away to Willy Creek and Streeter’s Station, of course when I leave they will all come back as they are well aware that there is no mounted police in the district. Capt Frances, who has a large staff of coloured me, overhauling his boats, complains very truthfully and bitterly about the neglect of the police dept in not having a mounted man to keep the natives away. They demoralise his men and prevent him keeping order amongst them. He wrote to Corp Stewart on the matter, I saw his letters on the day I left Broome. I told the Corporal to take it to the Acting Resident Magistrate as he had charge of the district and that I had done my best to get a mounted man and would not bother any more. Last December I had a wire from your department stating a good man was coming from Wyndham but have heard nothing further. On Sunday 9th, Capt Frances informs me a boat arrived from Broome with grog on board. Consequently there was a wild orgie amoungst the natives for a day or two, many of them getting knocked about fighting. I would strongly recommend the closing of Barred Creek against all natives starting from south bank of the mouth of the creek, thence 2 miles south, thence 2 miles east, thence 4 miles north, thence 2 miles west to coast, this would take in all the camping ground. Barred Creek is not a good fishing ground and after the boats leave no natives come near the creek until following lay up season. Willy Creek, 10 miles south of Barred Creek, is their main camping ground.
There has been very little rain anywhere, the country being very dry, last year up to end of January the average was 27 inches, this year to date it is barely 9 inches, a vast difference. I am afraid that if a change does not soon take place large numbers of back country abos will flock into the coast for food and water. I am afraid that along the southern coast from Broome to Wallal will be very bad and a large number of abos thrown on hands of the Dept for food. It must be remembered that the whole of that line of coast has been leased. The natives have not any acre of land of their own. The Govt stock route wells are being used by some [illeg.] stations and a native is not allowed to camp on any of them. This is a public scandal unless some provision is made by the way of reserves in the near future I am sure the relief expenditure will keep mounting. My past correspondence I have spoken strongly re this point and hope the [illeg.] country will be resumed for native purposes.
I remain yours obediently,
James Isdell

Clothing for indigent natives

State Records Archive
Consignment: 652
Item: 1909/0046
Title: Lock Hospital – re Bon Marche a/c 69/2/9. Flannel & Co

Keywords: Bernier Island, Dorre Island, Lock Hospitals, Boolgin Station, Bangemall, Bremer Bay, Broome, Carnarvon, Cranbrook, Cue, Dairy Creek, Cossack, Derby, Esperance, Gascoyne, Halls Creek, Kanowna, Katanning, Kellerberrin, Lawlers, Mandurah, Mt Magnet, Mt Phillip, Mulline, Nannine, Norseman, Northampton, Nullagine, Onslow, Peak Hill, Roebourne, Sharks Bay, Whim Creek, Wiluna, Yalgoo, Yathalla Station, Charles Fartiere, Henry Brodribb, clothing

[This file has been divided according to the places and dates of the correspondence contained therein. There are also a number of items in this file that are discussions about clothing manufacture between Chief Protector Aborigines and the storekeeper at Fremantle Gaol, where the clothing for the department was made, as well as tenders and accounts for clothing and fabrics, which have not been transcribed – if further information is required, please contact Katitjin]

Bernier & Dorre Island Lock Hospitals

[Memo]
From Chief Protector of Aborigines
To Corporal Buckland, Wyndham
Oct 2, 1908
I am forwarding to you, by SS Bullarra, today 6 dresses and 6 blankets for use of Aboriginal Natives being transported to Bernier Island.
Please note that the above are for the use of the women only, suffering from venereal disease, and the patients are to be supplied with one of each before being put on the boat.
[Appended note]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Six blankets and six dresses were received and issued to native women suffering from venereal disease who were sent to Bernier Island. Two other dresses had to be purchased locally as eight women were sent and an account for payment has been issued.
Buckland

[Letter]
From: Charles Moore & Co, general merchants
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Dec 17, 1908
Dear Sir,
Re 50 costumes, which your Stores Manager at North Fremantle could not trace. We have to advise that these were signed for by J T Odgers on Oct 23rd.
Yours faithfully,
Charles Moore & Co
[Appended note]
Mr MacGregor
Please ascertain from Mr Odgers what became of this parcel. Is this the brown paper parcel referred to in previous correspondence and sent away by you on Minilya?
E W Pechell
Dec 18, 1908
[Appended note]
This is the same parcel. It was forwarded to Dorre Island Native Hospital.
J MacGregor
Dec 22, 1908

[Memo]
Govt Stores to Chief Protector of Aborigines
Dec 23, 1908
I find that the clothing mentioned, was not sent to North Fremantle, but to Fremantle, and same was forwarded to Dorre Island Native Hospital per the S S Minilya, about the end of October. Vide my letter to you of 29th Oct last.
G W Sampson
[Appended note]
C P A
Please see above minute from which it would appear costumes have gone to Dorre Island. Where would they be now? Perhaps at Carnarvon? If so, they could be sent to Bernier Island where clothing is required.
E W Pechell
[Appended note]
Wharfinger, Carnarvon
Dec 24, 1908
Sent per Minilya end October last parcel costumes addressed Dorre Island. Were they landed at Carnarvon. If so please advise where are they now
C P Gale

[Telegram]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Dec 26, 1908
No package landed per Minilya. Package costumes landed ex Bullarra October eighth. Police in possession
Wharfinger, Carnarvon

[Telegram]
To: Police, Carnarvon
Dec 31, 1908
Understand costumes native women landed per Bullarra October last in your possession. Please send first opportunity to Dr Lovegrove Bernier Island and inform me how many sent.
E W Pechell

[Letter]
The Storekeeper, Fremantle Prison
24 Aug, 1909
With reference to the 400 yards of denim forwarded to our Department recently by the Government Stores, I have to advise that this is required for trousers for this Department. Before making these up however, I shall be glad if you will make a sample pair, as Dr Lovegrove, Superintendent Medical Officer of the Lock Hospitals, advises that so far as trousers for the diseased natives are concerned, it would be better if these were made with running strings, somewhat like pyjamas. I shall be glad therefore, if you will have a sample pair made as early as possible, and forwarded to this Department.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Telegram]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
11 hands safe. Genesta totally wrecked Dorre thirteenth. Dinghy stove in. Parted cable easterly gale, piled up rocks south and white beach all gear salvaged. Waited weather, proceeded Bernier hospital dinghy. Returned Carnarvon this morning per relief boat [remaining sentence blacked out]. No blankets clothing Dorre. Dresses shirts urgently required [remaining sentence blacked out].
Brodribb

[Report]
Clothing – Dorre Island
There were no stocks of native clothing or blankets on hand. In connection with the manufacture of trousers for the native patiets, Dr Lovegrove desires that these shall be made with running strings, in place in buttons, as if made in this way, the work of dressing the patients will be far more handy. He asked me to see Dr Hickenbotham in connection with this matter, which I did, and he confirmed Dr Lovegrove’s view.
Brodribb

[Telegram]
Angelo, Carnarvon
30 Aug, 1909
Send over soon as possible doctor will have go Dorre with men to instruct orderly treatment return doctor Bernier thence Carnarvon load Mauds be sure blankets per Minderoo gone Dorre otherwise no blankets Dorre provide men sufficient temporary clothing pending supplies Koombana
Chief Protector Aborigines

[Letter]
The Storekeeper, Fremantle Prison
Aug 30, 1909
Please consign per Koombana, to the Officer in Charge, Dorre Island, c/o Mr E H Angelo, Carnarvon, 25 pairs trousers and 25 shirts
Chief Protector Aborigines

[Letter]
Dr F Lovegrove,
Bernier Island,
C/o Mr E H Angelo,
Carnarvon
Sept 3, 1909
With reference to your requisition for 400 yds of striped galatea for dresses, I beg to advise that we are forwarding 100 yds of this galatea, and 300 yds of other material, as we were unable to buy the galatea under contract. The other material was used by the Lunacy Department for dresses, and I think your Matron will find it very suitable.
Chief Protector Aborigines

[Letter]
The Storekeeper, Fremantle Prison
With reference to the pyjama trousers for the natives,the sample is to hand, and I am returning it under cover this day. These trousers should be open for a few inches in the front, like ordinary pyjamas, otherwise the pattern will do. Please make up 50 pairs in this way, and consign them to “The Officer in Charge, Dorre Island, c/o Mr E H Angelo, Carnarvan.” I shall be glad also if you will advise me when these goods are consigned.
Chief Protector Aborigines

Balla Balla Station

[Letter]
Balla Balla Station
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Mar 24, 1909
Dear Sir,
I now write you re Aborigines clothing for the winter: the weather in May gets cold and it is necessary for clothing to be here by that time. The trousers for the males require to be full length. Last year your department sent knickerbockers.
Yours faithfully,
Geo R Ray

[Letter]
To Mr George R Ray, Balla Balla
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through the Police at Cossack, a parcel of clothing containing 4 pair trousers, 4 shirts and 5 dresses for indigent natives. When this parcel comes to hand please advise me.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police Station, Cossack
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr Geo R Ray, forwarded under your care to Cossack. Will you be so good as to have this parcel forwarded to Mr Ray at Balla Balla.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Bangemall & Gascoyne Junction

[Memo]
March 3, 1908
Subject: Clothing to Natives
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
It is frequently brought our notice that the old natives under relief up country are in want of clothing. We have either to buy the things 2nd hand in Perth, or order them made at the nearest “Centre”. Both of these ways are expensive and the 2nd hand clothes are not generally suitable. I would suggest a contract being called for through the Tender Board for clothing for men and women of some warm material – shirt and trousers for men and skirts for women. They could be stored here and sent out as required.
E W Pechell
PS Attached herewith is an extract from Mr Fartiere on the subject
[Page 2]
While on the clothing subject I may point out that the Natives receiving Govt assistance for rations are very unfortunately situated respecting the clothing part. The stations look upon the natives as being under government support and not requiring further attention with the result that the blacks are often in the most inclement time of the year left in a state bordering on nudity and I can point out that was the condition I found the Bangemall natives during my visit to that locality, they were a most miserable collection of unfortunates – cold, bleak, wet weather, piercing cold winds – several of them suffering from coughs and chest complaints with barely anything on to cover their nakedness and certainly not sufficient to meet what is required for decency sake, irrespective of health requirements. I certainly consider this a matter which requires the Department’s condemnation, etc etc.

[Memo]
[Undated – December, 1908]
To: Fartiere, Onslow
When you come across urgent cases natives requiring relief, rations, clothing, make arrangements yourself. Do not wait for authority. Have arranged for Bangemall natives clothing.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Mar 9, 1909
Sir,
Kindly forward to me for use of the old and decrepit abo in the locality 12 dresses for old women, 12 pairs of trousers and 12 shirts for the old men. I will see that they are distributed judiciously, and as the winter is fast approaching I would urge that the aforementioned be sent at once, addressed to care of the Carnarvon Police.
Const E Spry
Junction Police Station,
Gascoyne River

[Letter]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I should like to draw your attention to the number of natives about without clothes, and in view of the fast approach of winter, I would ask that you should cause to be sent to the OIC Junction, via Carnarvon, two dozen suits of clothes, and a similar number of dresses for the women, suitable for these old and decrepit natives. These will be issued subject to discrimination. I might add that Constable Spry is at present absent, and should be back in the course of a few weeks. However, I should be glad to learn as early as possible your views on the matter, and await your instructions in regard to such.
F C Gray, Constable
[Appended note]
Approved
C Gale
10 May, 1909

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police Station, Carnarvon
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr Robert Wilkinson, forwarded under your care. When this comes to hand will you kindly send it on to Mr Wilkinson.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Mr Robert Wilkinson, Bangemall
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through the Police at Carnarvon, a parcel of clothing containing 5 pair trousers, 5 shirts and 7 dresses for indigent natives. When this parcel comes to hand please advise me.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
Bangemall
To: H A Herbert, Storekeeper, F[remantle] P[rison]
Sept 1, 1909
Dear Sir,
Yours of 6.7.09, I have not received invoice or clothing from the police of Carnarvon. I believe P C Grey is using them for the diseased natives, which he is collecting from the district and the natives on the relief are practically without clothing.
Yours Faithfully,
R Wilkinson

[Letter]
The Officer in Charge,
Police Station,
Carnarvon
Oct 16, 1909
Some time in April, or early in May a consignment of clothing was sent by the Fremantle Prison to Mr R Wilkinson, Bangemall, c/o the Police, Carnarvon. Mr Wilkinson now advises me that he has never received this clothing, which for the use of indigent natives. He further states that he believes it is being used by Constable Gray, for the diseased natives which he is now collecting in the district. I shall be glad if you can let me have any information in regard to this matter.
Chief Protector Aborigines
[Appended letter]
29 Oct 1909
To: Sergt Stokes
I respectfully beg to note the remarks of the Chief Protector and I have to inform you that two parcels of clothing were received here at this Station addressed [?] Police from the Protector of Aborigines, and no address on them directing either of them to Bangemall. Neither have I received any advice that any parcel of clothing was forwarded to Bangemall from Aborigines Dept.
I had applied some time back for [?] clothes and took it they were sent in answer to my application. Const Gray informed me that the natives at Bangemall are not in want of any clothes. No doubt it advice had been sent to me and they had been properly addressed they would have reached Bangemall if these clothes had been intended for that place.
I may also state that most of the clothing was used by Const Gray to clothe the diseased natives which he was collecting for the Island.
Const Spry

Boolgin Station

[Extract from letter]
Boolgin Station
May 2, 1909
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Dear Sir
+ + + + +
The natives are very badlly off for clothing… please find a list of the names of natives who have a just claim for clothing…
H Hunter
Original in 19/09 and list of natives in 173/09

[Letter]
To: Mr H Hunter, Boolgin Station, Cape Levique, via Derby
June 29, 1909
Sir,
I have to acknowledge your favour of May 2, making application for blankets and clothing for indigent natives. This letter only reached me yesterday. As it will take a month or six weeks for these goods to reach you, and by that time the winter will be over, I hardly see any use in forwarding them now. Your request however has been noted for supplies next winter, and these will be forwarded to you early, in order to be in time.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
Boolgin Station
5 July 1909
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Sir,
I beg to acknowledge receipt of native rations, which came to hand on the 2nd of July. I regret to say that no blankets or clothing have come to hand. I wrote your Department some time ago, advising them that blankets and clothing should be available in April, again in May I wrote stating that the natives are very badly off for clothing and blankets, and enclosing a list of the names of the natives who have a just claim for blankets and clothing.
There are over 200 natives on this peninsula and when they see the natives of the south-west of them about Beagle Bay and the natives to the north-east of them, about Sunday Island, with their winter outfits, they naturally ask why they are being left out in the cold. The whole of these natives come to me for assistance, but I cannot afford to supply blankets and clothing or I would willingly do so.
For the past six weeks I have been sewing together the empty flour bags, to provide some sort of covering, but flour bags are a poor substitute for blankets and clothing. Many years ago, when I first came to the colony, I was given to understand that every native in Australia could get a fit out once a year, by simply asking for it. It was then known as the Queen’s bounty, and judging by the crown on the blankets, it is only reasonable to suppose that it is now the King’s bounty.
Assuming that it is state property I venture to remark that if the funds at the disposal of the Department being insufficient to provide blankets and clothing for the natives in this district, the matter could be brought under the notice of the Government, through our member for the district, for I am sure he would have the support of the settlers of the district in that respect. Trusting that a supply of blankets and clothing will be sent forward as soon as possible.
I am, Sir,
(signed) Henry Hunter
PS Rations will last till the end of September.
[Note] Original letter in 19/09

[Telegram]
9 Aug, 1909
To: Isdell, Travelling Protector Aborigines, Fitzroy Crossing
Hunter Boolgin Station complaining absence blankets and clothing two hundred natives please look into and report when visiting.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Bremer Bay

[Letter]
To Messrs Drew, Robinson & Co, Albany
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing forwarded to you, addressed to Mr Edward Hanna, Bremer Bay. When this comes to hand will you please have it sent on.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Mr Edward Hanna, Bremer Bay
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through Messrs Drew, Robinson & Co, a parcel of clothing containing 4 pair trousers, 4 shirts and 4 dresses for indigent natives. When this parcel comes to hand please advise me.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Broome

To: Officer in Charge Police, Broome
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing containing 12 pairs trousers, 12 shirts and 12 dresses. When these come to hand will you please distribute them among the indigent natives.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Carnarvon

[Letter]
To: Messrs Dalgety & Co, Ltd, Carnarvon
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, on your station. This parcel contains 2 pairs trousers, 2 shirts and 6 dresses.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Cossack

[Letter]
To Mr T Rogers, Cossack
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through the Police at Cossack, a parcel of clothing containing 3 pair trousers, 3 shirts and 4 dresses for indigent natives. Will you please call at the Police Station for this parcel.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police Station, Cossack
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr T Rogers, forwarded under your care to Cossack. Mr Rogers will call at the Police Station for this parcel.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Cranbrook

[Letter]
To Mr A C Gardiner, Cranbrook
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you a parcel of clothing containing one dress for an indigent native. Please advise when this parcel comes to hand.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
May 14, 1909
Sir,
I have this day received, per post from Gaol Dept WA advice note 1537, 1 dress. Kindly advise me which native I have to give this to and you will greatly oblige.
Yours faithfully,
A C Gardiner

[Letter]
To: Mr A Gardner, Cranbrook
May 19, 1909
Sir,
I have the honor to acknowledge yours of the 11th instant, with reference to one dress forwarded to you. Only one dress was forwarded, as by our ration register it would appear that your last account, from 1st dec to 22nd Feb, was only for the relief of one female native. That being the case, the dress forwarded was for that native.
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Cue

[Letter]
To Mr A Brodie, Cue
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police in Nannine, a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, containing 2 dresses. Will you kindly call at the Police Station for this parcel.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Cue
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I am arranging to have forwarded through you a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr A Brodie. Please hand this parcel to Mr Brodie when he calls.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Dairy Creek Station (Daury Creek)

[Letter]
Dairy Creek Station, Upper Gascoyne, WA
Aug 7, 1909
To: Chief Protector Aborigines
Would you kindly send clothing for eight old and infirm aborigines natives, six women and two men.
R E Lewis, for John Fitzpatrick

Derby

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police, Derby
Apr 21, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to forward to you a parcel of clothing, consisting of 3 pair trousers, 3 shirts and 4 dresses. Will you please have these distributed among the indigent natives.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Esperance

[Letter]
To Messrs Drew, Robinson & Co, Albany
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing addressed to Postmaster Esperance. When this comes to hand will you please have it sent on.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Mr F J Daw, Postmaster, Esperance
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through Messrs Drew, Robinson & Co, a parcel of clothing containing 6 pair trousers, 6 shirts and 6 dresses for indigent natives. When this parcel comes to hand please advise me.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
Esperance
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Dear Sir,
You advised me a few weeks back a parcel of drapery from Drew Robinson was about to be sent me for distribution. This has now come to hand and I will await your further instructions before I distribute any of them.
I may say there’s not many natives here at the moment. Johnny Dib, his lubra & children, but there may be others come along if they should hear there is clothing for them. I will see in any case that those who are in want and destitute shall have them.
I am, Sir, yours faithfully,
F Daw

Gascoyne

[Letter]
To: Mr H E Stone, Gascoyne
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you through the Police at Geraldton, 5 pair of trousers, 5 shirts and 3 dresses for indigent natives. Please advise when these are received.
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police, Geraldton
Apr 21, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded under your care at Geraldton, a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr H E Stone, Gascoyne. When this comes to hand, will you be so good as to have it forwarded to Mr H E Stone.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Halls Creek

[Telegram]
Weather Halls Creek bitterly cold no blankets yet arrived absolutely necessary blankets and shirts trousers dresses for old people be sent arrive not later that April.
Isdell

Kanowna

[Letter]
To Mr G L Jones, Kanowna
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through the Police at Kanowna, a parcel of clothing containing 2 pair trousers, 2 shirts and 2 dresses for indigent natives. Will you please call at the Police Station for this parcel.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Kanowna
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded, under your care at Kanowna, a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr G L Jones. Mr Jones will call at the police station for this parcel
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Katanning

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Katanning
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you a parcel of clothing containing 6 pair trousers, 6 shirts and 10 dresses for indigent natives. When this parcel is received please distribute to the natives.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Kellerberrin

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police Station, Kellerberin
Apr 21. 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mrs J Adams, forwarded to you. Mrs Adams has been asked to call on you for this parcel.
Chief Protector of Aborigines
[Appended notes]
Received this 26th day of May 1909 from Constable Police Kellerberrin one box of clothing for indigent aboriginal natives. Jane Adams
Per Insp Woods
Respectfully forwarded box of clothing handed over to Mrs Adams – her acknowledgement.
Cahill 28.6.09

[Letter]
To Mrs J Adams
Apr 21, 1909
Madam,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police Kellerberrin, a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, containing 1 pair trousers, 1 shirt and 3 dresses. If you will call on the Police this will be handed to you.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police Station, Kellerberin
Apr 21. 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Messrs Leake Bros, forwarded to you. Messrs Leake Bros have been asked to call on you for this parcel.
Chief Protector of Aborigines
[Appended notes]
28.06.09 Received from Const Cahill clothing for indigent aboriginal natives. Leake Bros
Per Insp Woods
Respectfully forwarded box of clothing handed over to Messrs Leake Bros
Cahill 28.6.09

[Letter]
To: Messrs Leake Bros, Kellerberrin
21 Apr 1909
Sirs,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police, Kellerberrin, a package of clothing for indigent natives. Will you please call at the Police Station for these.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Lawlers

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Leonora
Apr 20, 1909
I am arranging to have forwarded through you a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr G W White, Lawlers. When this comes to hand will you kindly have it sent on.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Mr G W White, Lawlers
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you through the Police at Leonora, 3 pair of trousers, 3 shirts and 4 dresses for indigent natives. Please advise when these are received.
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Memo]
To: Storekeeper, Fremantle Prison
May 11, 1909
Will you please forward to the Police, Lawlers, as early as possible, the undermentioned clothing for aboriginal natives:-
12 dressses, 12 pairs trousers, 12 shirts
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Mandurah

[Letter]
To: Mr C Tuckey
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you through the Police at Pinjarra, a parcel of clothing containing 1 pair of trousers, 1 shirts and 2 dresses for indigent natives. Please advise when these are received.
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police Station, Pinjarra
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr C Tuckey, forwarded under your care to Pinjarra. Will you be so good as to have this parcel forwarded to Mr Tuckey.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter copy]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
May 24, 1909
You will see enclosed slip that I have received the clothing for natives. I am handing out same today.
Yours faithfully,
C Tuckey
Other portion of letter deals with rations to Hilda Mippy
Memo
Slip refered to is a receipt which should have been returned to the Storekeeper, Fremantle, This has now been returned. EL 27/5/09

Mt Magnet

[Letter]
To Police Constable McLernon, Mt Magnet
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you a parcel of clothing containing 3 pair trousers, 3 shirts and 2 dresses for indigent natives.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Mt Phillip

[Letter]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Mar 6, 1909
Dear Sir,
Please send blankets and clothes for the coming winter for the destitute natives mentioned in the enclosed return.
Yours faithfully,
Ayliffe & Oakley
3 Natives named on form referred to:-
Jabidy, Yarrabiddy, Barraga

Mulline

[Letter]
To Mr T D McAlpine
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through the Police at Menzies, a parcel of clothing containing 3 pair trousers, 3 shirts and 3 dresses for indigent natives. Please advise when this parcel comes to hand.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police Station, Menzies
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded a parcel under your care, addressed to T D McAlpine, Mulline. Will you kindly arrange to have this parcel sent on to Mr McAlpine.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
T D McAlpine, Store & Bakery, Mulline
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
May 25, 1909
Dear Sir,
The parcel which you forwarded to myself, through the Police at Menzies, has arrived here.
I am, yours respectfully,
T D McAlpine

Nannine

[Letter]
To Police Constable McDonald, Nannine
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you a parcel of clothing containing 5 pair trousers, 5 shirts and 5 dresses for indigent natives.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
Police Station, Nannine
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
May 23, 1909
The parcel of clothing forwarded by you, for use of indigent natives, was received on the 22nd inst.
J McDonald, Const 266

Norseman

[Letter]
To Mr T Donovan, Norseman
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through the Police at Norseman, a parcel of clothing containing 3 pair trousers, 3 shirts and 4 dresses for indigent natives. Will you please call at the Police Station for this parcel.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Leonora
Apr 21, 1909
I am arranging to have forwarded through you a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr T Donovan. Mr Donovan has been asked to call at the police station for this parcel.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Jun 3, 1909
Dear Sir,
Com 21/4/09 you wrote me that you were sending a parcel of clothing for indigent natives. Up to date I have not received any parcel, I am dropping you this note in case parcel has been sent and miscarried.
Yours faithfully,
J Donovan
[Appended notes]
Mr Long – Ring up Storekeeper Frem Prison and ascertain when sending. JB
Mr Brodbribb, If possible this clothing will be sent by post tomorrow. EL 8/6/09

[Letter]
To: Mr J Donovan, Norseman
Jun 9, 1909
Sir,
I have the honor to acknowledge yours of the 3rd instant, relative to a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, which has not yet been received. I have to advise that these should reach you within the next few days, as the Gaols Dept, who are making this clothing, were unable to complete it earlier.
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
Norseman
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Jun 21, 1909
Dear Sir,
The parcels of clothing for indigent natives arrived safely, and we have distributed contents as follows:
Nellie, aged woman, 1 dress
Bandy, aged woman, 1 dress
Minnie, aged woman, 1 dress
Total 4 dresses
Charlie 1, paralysed man, 1 shirt, 1 trousers
George, paralysed man, 1 shirt, 1 trousers
Charlie 2, aged man, 1 shirt, 1 trousers
Total 3 shirts, 3 trousers
The trooper here accompanied us, and distribution as above was made principally on his advice.
Yours faithfullly,
J Donovan

Northampton

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Northampton
I beg to inform you that I am forwarding a parcel of clothing for indigent natives addressed to Mr William Lucas, Northampton, care of yourself. Mr Lucas will call for this parcel.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Mr William Lucas, Northampton
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police Northampton, a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, containing 1 pair trousers, 1 shirt and 4 dresses. If you will call on the Police this will be handed to you.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Nullagine

[Letter]
To: Constable Stow, Protector of Aborigines, Nullagine
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, through the Police at Port Hedland, a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, containing 12 pairs trousers, 12 shirts and 24 dresses. Please advise me when you receive this parcel.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police Station, Port Hedland
21 Apr, 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded under your care at Port Hedland, a parcel addressed to Const H Stow, Nullagine. Will you kindly arrange to have this parcel forwarded as early as possible.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
7 July 1909
Police Station Nullagine
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Herewith acknowledge having received from Port Hedland by camel team – one parcel containing 24 dresses, 12 pair trousers, and 12 shirts – clothing for indigent natives.
H Stow
Protector

Onslow

[Letter]
To Police Constable Harry, Onslow
Apr 21, 1909
With reference to the clothing for indigent natives, I beg to inform you that the Storekeeper at the Fremantle Gaol has been asked to forward to you 6 pair trousers, 6 shirts and 6 dresses.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
Onslow Police Station
4 May, 1909
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
In reference to your memo 810 46/09, re clothing for indigent natives, I take it that the clothing mentioned is for Onslow Station.
If so, I beg to inform you that by order of the Resident Magistrate the said natives were provided with clothing locally on the 20th ult. Had I received any intimation from you that the Dept would send clothing of course none would have been supplied here.
I will with your authority hold the clothing here until the next half-year.
I might say that shirts and trousers for winter supply is not of much use to natives here (they feel the cold very much), they also require coats.
Const M Barry

Peak Hill

[Letter]
To Mr James O’Connor
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police in Nannine, a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, containing 4 pair trousers, 4 shirt and 6 dresses. Please let me know when this comes to hand.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Nannine
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I am arranging to have forwarded through you a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr James O’Connor. When this comes to hand will you kindly have it forwarded.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Telegram]
To Chief Protector Aborigines
24 Apr, 1909
Re natives about ten males fifteen females pitiable condition weather very cold advise send clothing when forwarding blankets
Inspector Sellinger

[Telegram]
To Inspector Sellinger, Peak Hill
24 Apr, 1909
Clothing railed Fremantle care Nannine today
Chief Protector Aborigines

[Memo]
Memo for Protector of Aborigines
24 Apr, 1909
Peak Hill advise your telegram of 24th to Inspector Sellinger is undelivered. The addressee has left.

[Telegram]
Apr 26, 1909
To: Officer in Charge, Police, Peak Hill
Re Inspector Sellenger’s wire clothing railed Fremantle care Nannine Saturday.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Memo]
To: The Store Keeper, Fremantle Prison
Apr 28, 1909
I beg to confirm my telephone message of Saturday last, requesting you to forward 15 dresses, 10 shirts, and 10 pairs of trousers to the Officer in Charge, Police, Peak Hill.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Report]
Police Dept, Cue
Oct 21, 1909
To: Chief Protector Aborigines
Whilst at Peak Hill I saw 20 out the 30 odd indigent aborigines mostly females, some of the women were indecent for want of clothes and the camp … some arrangement would have to be made for getting their rations out to them. I recommend that about 20 dresses in one piece of some strong and warm material be sent at Police at Peak Hill for distribution. The nights are cold and the debilitated state of these unfortunates and the … [remaining two lines illegible]
Drewry

[Letter]
To: Inspector Drewry, Police Station, Cue
28 Oct, 1909
I beg to acknowledge receipt of your letter of the 21st instant; and in reply to inform you that 20 dresses will be sent to the Police, Peak Hill, for distribution.
C F Gale
Chief Protector of Aborigines
[Appended note]
To: P C Buck, Peak Hill
To note and inform me if more dresses are required but see that they are issued only in needful cases.
Drewry
1.11.09
[Appended note]
Inspector Drewry,
I respectfully report having received per Geoff Carroll vans, this date, twenty dresses & twenty shirts. I respectfully ask to be supplied with another twenty dresses as there are a number of very old female natives who require dresses.
Louis Buck
3/12/09

Roebourne

[Telegram]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Mar 22, 1909
Stations this district asking clothing for indigent natives. Shall I purchase locally. Weather getting very cold.
Sergt Pilmer

[Telegram]
To: Sergt Pilmer, Roebourne
Apr 1, 1909
Am arranging to ship clothing for natives first boat leaving for North-West.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Roebourne
21 Apr, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you a parcel of clothing containing 24 pair trousers, 24 shirts and 24 dresses for indigent natives. Will you please arrange to distribute these among the indigent natives.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
Tambrey, Roebourne
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
June 8, 1909
Sir,
How is it that the pauper natives do not get their clothes and blankets till after the cold weather is now as so far no clothes have been sent up to the Tableland Police Station and as it is now in the middle of winter they are suffering from the cold as [illegible] that one of the blankets will not last a native for twelve months. Last year it was the same they got their clothes after the cold weather was over. The way the clothes are sent up is a disgrace to the Ab department and the dresses sent to the women are made of the [illegible] it is possible to get. Hoping you will see into this.
Yours truly,
William Cusack

[Letter extract]
Original in 173/09
Inspector’s Office, Roebourne
July 5, 1909
x x x x x x x
If you will permit me, I would suggest that instead of buying clothing locally for discharged native prisoners, a supply for distribution be forwarded from Fremantle Prison, the material is of better quality, and I venture to say would be found cheaper, in the event of your deciding to forward clothing for this purpose, I would require approximately 50 pairs of pants, 50 shirts, and 50 light leather belts, any surplus could be distributed to indigents as required, there is good strong accommodation here.
(Signed) W H Pilmer
[Appended notes]
Clothing approved order from Gaol
C F Gale
15.7.09

[Letter]
To: Sergeant Pilmer, Police Station, Roebourne
July 20, 1909
With reference to that portion of your letter of the 5th July asking to be supplied with 50 pairs of trousers, 50 shirts and 50 light leather belts, for indigent natives and discharged prisoners, I have to inform you that these cannot be sent at present, as the contracts for the supply of the necessary materials have only just been let, and it will be three or four months before they are to hand. The clothing mentioned will be forwarded to you as early as possible. The belts, however, have been ordered and these should be forwarded to you by the Gorgon, which is timed to leave Fremantle on the 24th instant.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Telegram]
Roebourne, Sergt Pilmer
[undated]
Please advise when next batch native prisoners will be discharged
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Telegram]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Next batch of prisoners due for discharge twenty-one twenty-third February
Sergt Pilmer

Sharks Bay

[Letter]
To: Mr A H Moore, Denham
21 Apr 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police, Shark Bay, a package of clothing for indigent natives, containing 2 pairs trousers, 2 shirts, and 2 dresses. Will you please call at the Police Station for these.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police, Sharks Bay
21 Apr 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded under your care a package of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr A H Moore, Denham. Mr Moore will call for this parcel.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Mr A H Moore, Denham
21 Apr 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police, Shark Bay, a package of clothing for indigent natives, containing 2 pairs trousers, 2 shirts, and 2 dresses. Will you please call at the Police Station for these.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
June 12, 1909
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
I have received this day from W H Clarke PO one parcel of clothing for indigent natives. I am awaiting your instructions as to the distribution of them as there is only one female native on the ration list at present.
Yours faithfully
Thomas Meekhumes

[Letter]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Sir,
I respectfully report that the parcels of clothing addressed as above duly to hand this date and have handed them over to Mr T Meekhumes, the contractor, who has taken over the business formerly carried on by Mr Moore.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
W H Clarke

[Letter]
To: Mr T Meekhumes, Shark Bay
July 8, 1909
Sir,
I beg to acknowledge receipt of your letter inquiring re the clothing forwarded to you for indigent natives. In reply will you please note that this clothing is for indigent natives only; and if there are none at present needing same, kindly keep on hand until it is required.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Whim Creek

[Telegram]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Infirm natives Balla Pool enquiring for clothing informed quantity forwarded April consignment blankets only received here.
Const Growden

[Telegram]
June 12. 1909
To: Constable Growden, Whim Creek
Clothing for natives forwarded by post per Burrumbest Wednesday last
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Wiluna

[Memo]
Police Station
Leonora
To: Const Walker, Wiluna
The articles mentioned in attached voucher have been forwarded to you through Cobb & Co.
L Hunter

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Station, Leonora
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I am arranging to have forwarded through you a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr Walker. When this comes to hand will you kindly have it forwarded.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To Mr William Walker, Wiluna
Apr 21, 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police Leonora, a parcel of clothing for indigent natives, containing 1 pair trousers, 1 shirt and 9 dresses. Please advise when these are received.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines, Perth
Receipt herewith for clothing recd for aged natives.
Please note
I could do with a dozen more dresses and a dozen shirts and trousers for the aged natives here of both sexes. Also some clothing for native girls under 9 years of age. Six of them are running about at the Natives Camp in rags.
When forwarding goods of any kind to Wiluna, please forward via Nannine whence they can be forwarded here for 1d per lb.
Wm Walker
Protector

Yalgoo

[Letter]
To: Mr T Pidgeon
21 Apr 1909
Sir,
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded to you, care of the Police, Yalgoo, a package of clothing for indigent natives containing 5 pairs trousers, 5 shirts and 6 dresses. Will you please call at the Police Station for this clothing.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
To: Officer in Charge, Police, Yalgoo
21 Apr 1909
I beg to inform you that I am arranging to have forwarded under your care a package of clothing for indigent natives, addressed to Mr T Pidgeon. Please hand this parcel to Mr Pidgeon when he calls.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Yathalla Station

[Telegram]
May 20, 1908
To: Chief Protector of Aborigines
Require authority purchase two dresses & shirt & pants sick natives Yathalla Station
Osborn, Sub-inspector

[Telegram]
To: Roebourne Police Station
Please purchase clothes sick natives Yathalla
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Interdepartmental correspondence

[Memo]
Subject: Clothing for Natives
Apr 16, 1908
To: Comptroller General of Prisons
Have you any objection to clothes for use of Ab. Natives being made up at the Fremantle Gaol. This Department will provide the stuff and pay for the making up – same as the Charities Dept.
C F Gale
[Reply]
Will be only too delighted to do so. I requested the department in 1906 to give us the same. I am glad there is now a chance of getting it.
[signature illegible] CG

[Memo]
To Govt Stores, Fremantle
Please forward the following number of blankets to the different places consigned to the names opposite:
Carnarvon, 20, Sergt Stokes
Onslow, 20, Corpl Barry
Cossack, 12, Coxwain Rodgers
Port Hedland, 15, Coxwain Fry
Broome, 10, Corpl Stewart
Derby, 10, Sub-Insptr McCarthy
Wyndham, 6, Corpl Buckland
C F Gale
Acting Chief Protector of Aborigines
Oct 2, 1908

[Memo]
Receipts & Issues of Aboriginal Native Clothing
Sherlock Station, 4.5.09, 2 dresses, 2 shirts, 2 trousers
Millstream Station, 8.5.09, 3 dresses
Springs Station, 8.5.09, 4 dresses, 1 shirt, 1 trousers
Cooyapooya Station, 29.5.09, 2 dresses, 2 shirts, 2 trousers
Discharged Native Prisoners, 12.6.09, 8 shirts, 8 trousers
Tableland natives, 15.6.09, 15 dresses, 10 shirts, 10 trousers

[Letter]
To The Stores Manager
I attach an order for 1,500 yards of shirting for the aborigines, Item No 2,238. Will you please have this made up into shirts – 300 large size, and the remainder medium size, all shirts to be made very long, both back and front, delivery to be made to this Department.
Chief Protector of Aborigines
2 Dec, 1908

[Memo]
Storekeeper, Govt Prison, Fremantle
Re Clothing for Aboriginal Natives
Jan 9, 1909
Costumes:-
I beg to inform you that I have ordered 450 yds of cloth (for women’s costumes) to be sent to you. These costumes should be slightly bigger than the ones previously made, as some of those sent to Bernier Island proved too small. More stuff will be sent shortly.
Shirts:-
650 yards shirting for 200 shirts. 40 shirts should be made so as to act as a costume for boys and girls under 14.
Trousering:-
443 yards of denim are being sent, and, including the 57 yards now in store, should make nearly 200 trousers. I note that you take the 77 knickers now in store off our hands. The new trousers should be made in the ordinary way, full length and with a fly instead of a flap. Please make a careful note of this. The knickers did not prove a success.
This clothing is urgently required.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Memo]
To Storekeeper, Fremantle Prison
Mar 25, 1909
Will you please let me know what garments you have at present made up and the total garments that will be made when all the stuff has been utilised. Please also let me know the date when you expect to complete the lot.
H H Brodribb
Chief Protector of Aborigines
[Appended notes]
Mr Brodribb
On hand:-
Dresses 113
Shirts 214
Trousers 153
Sufficient material to make 110 trousers on had. In three weeks time could give delivery
H Herbert, storekeeper, 27.3.09

[Letter]
To: Storekeeper, Fremantle Prison
Apr 1, 1909
With reference to our telephonic communication of this morning, I shall be glad if you will arrange to have shipped, at the earliest opportunity, the following native clothing:-
1) To the Officer in Charge, Police Station, Roebourne – 18 dresses, 18 shirts, 12 pairs trousers.
2) To Bernier Island, c/0 E H Angelo, Carnarvon – 60 shirts
3) To Constable E J Spry, Junction Police Station, Gascoyne River, c/o Police, Carnarvon – 12 dresses, 12 shirts, 12 pairs trousers.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

 

Application for marriage to Manilaman (Filipino) in Broome

State Records Archive
Consignment: 652
Item: 1909/0010
Title: W.A. Beaumont. Marriages – Application on behalf of Margarito Maghanoy (Manilaman) to marry a half-caste girl ‘Marcilla’

Keywords:
Marcilla Marsellino, Margarito Maghanoy, marriage, Beagle Bay Mission, Jose Marsellino, George Moss, Josephine Marshall, Drysdale River Mission, Nicholas Emo, Walter Beaumont, George Moss, Josef Bischofs, Broome

Key Phrases:

[Patriarchal attitudes to marriage]
I need only say that it must be evident to you that the girl’s lot as Margharito’s wife is much more desirable than that which would otherwise be her fate, the woman of some aboriginal man and we all know what that would result in. [George Moss, pearling master in Broome]
I would like to see her well settled before her departure from my care. She being free, it will be for her a great danger to become a prostitute. [Father Nicholas D’Emo, missionary]
These mixed marriages with Manilamen or Asiatics made principally by the Fathers at Beagle Bay, were found to be a mistake[I] strongly recommends that they should not be allowed. [Edmund Pechell, secretary, Aborigines Dept]

[Letter]
Broome
19th Dec 1908
To Chief Protector of Aborigines, Perth
Dear Sir,
I have to ask you to be kind enough to give the following matter your favorable consideration.
There is at Beagle Bay Mission, a half caste female, the offspring of a Manillaman and Aboriginal woman who were married at the mission previous to the birth of the said half caste. Now this half caste is now a girl of fifteen years of age and there is a man named Margharito, a Manillaman, who is at present sailing master of the mission schooner (such comes to Broome at times for supplies) and who wants to marry the said half caste girl; the girl herself wants to marry Margharito and the girl’s parents are willing to the marriage. The father of the girl is a man named Jose Marsellino and is a sailmaker who works for and is employed by the pearling fleet. The mission authorities know all the parties in question and they approve of the marriage taking place.
If this is a case where special permission is required from you to allow of the marriage taking place, I have to ask you to be good enough to grant the necessary permit. The Manillaman Margharito is well known to me for many years and he has always been a very quiet decent and respectable man.
I need only say that it must be evident to you that the girl’s lot as Margharito’s wife is much more desirable than that which would otherwise be her fate, the woman of some aboriginal man and we all know what that would result in.
Yours Faithfully
Gerry? Moss

[Memo]
Mr Pechell
Ask for report from Police, also Beagle Bay Mission
C F G
[Charles Gale]
11/1/09

[Letter]
To Officer in Charge, Police Dept, Broome
14/1/1909
A man named G Moss of Broome writes to me re a Manillaman Margharito who wishes to marry a half caste girl at Broome. I would feel obliged by your sending me a report re the matter and whether this marriage is advisable.

[Letter]
To Manager, Native Mission, Beagle Bay
14/1/1909
A man named G Moss has written to me re a Manillaman named Margharito who wishes to marry a half caste girl, the offspring of parents married at your mission – the father of the girl is named Jose Massellina. Please report.

[Letter]
From Drysdale River Mission
8th Dec 1908
To Chief Protector of Aborigines, Perth
Dear Sir,
I beg to inform you that I have at present under my care a half caste girl of about 19 years of age, named Josephine Marshall, which, when she was four years old, I found her abandoned in the bush, and I put her in my school at Broome and later on I sent her to the convent at Roebourne (now translated) where she was there for some years, she being taught in reading, writing and cooking etc by the good Sisters.
Leaving the Convent a few months ago, she is interested now to get married, and I think is the best thing for her, as I cannot keep her any more and would like to see her well settled before her departure from my care. She being free, it will be for her a great danger to become a prostitute. She would be better to be married with a Manila man. I proposed to her three to choose, which I can recommend them as a good, steady and sensible men who have been not imported, but they are residents in this country per many years. I most respectfully beg to ask your permission according to the Aborigines Act 1905 for this intended marriage, which I will carry out in every point according same. Considering the great difficulty in having here regular mail, and not knowing yet which of the three proposed me she will like, I beg of your kindness to have permission to marry her with any of them which she may choose, giving you in the earliest opportunity all the information with reference to same.
Thanking you in anticipation for this favour
I remain, dear Sir, your obedient servant,
Father Nicholas Maria D’Emo (Missionary)
PS Kindly address the answer and everything in the future to the Post Office of Derby. The Port Master have being instructed to send me here all my correspondence by the Purser of the Steamer
[Note at base of this letter]
These mixed marriages with Manilamen or Asiatics made principally by the Fathers at Beagle Bay, were found to be a mistake – Mr Pechell also strongly recommends that they should not be allowed.
E D P
[Edmund Pechell]

[Memo]
Mr Pechell
? more information re this application, where is this woman now living, if at Drysdale Mission, who gave the necessary authority to be taken away from her own country.
C F G
11/1/1909

[Letter]
14th Jan 1909
Father Nicholas Emo
Sir,
I beg to acknowledge receipt of your letter of the 8th December, re the half caste girl Josephine, and would feel obliged by your informing me whether she is now living at the Drysdale Mission; if not, where is she, also please ascertain who gave the necessary authority for her being removed from her own country.
I have the honour to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
E D P

[Letter]
26th Jan 1909
Broome Presbytery
To Aborigines Dept, Perth
Sir,
Moss & Co Broome have written to your Department, re Margarito, a Manilaman who wishes to marry a halfcast girl at the Mission. The girl in question was born before Jose Marsalino married a native woman of Beagle Bay, named Domitilla. Jose Marsalino is not supposed to be the father of the girl.
I have know the Manilaman Margarito for four years, he is not a bad chap, as good as any other Manilaman and about 38 years of age.
The girl is about 16 and one of our best girls at the Mission. Jose Marsalino would like to see the two people in question married, he thinks to make a little bargain out of it. I could not give him a good character. He drinks too much.
I could not report anything else of importance.
So far, there would be nothing against this marriage, if the Department intends to give permission for same. As far as my own opinion is concerned, I am against all marriages between halfcasts and manilamen; for this I have given more than once my reasons to the Department. But if you think to grant permission pro casu, I am ready to marry the two people in question as soon as the papers from the South are presented to me. I would not take any responsibility before the Department. The Manilamen are of my own religion and if there would be a fair possibility I would like to see them provided for. For this reason it would not be fair for the Department to write back: we would like to see you married, but Father Bishofs is against it.
If you like to grant permission, please do so, but make ready to receive another half a dozen demands very soon.
I hope you do not misunderstand me. I have no intention to press the Department over to my opinions, not in the least. If you grant permission in present case I shall feel pleased for the Manilaman. If you should refuse permission, I would certainly be pleased for the girl, because the girls are simply pressed into these marriages with coloured people and they must say yes, although like in present case, the girl herself would prefer to marry a good halfcast boy.
Surely I understand well, that this marriage question is not a simple one; my experience for the past four years compels me to say, that it is better not to marry Manilamen with our Natives. But errars humanum est and at the end I might be wrong, therefore use your own judgement in present decision.
[hand written note at the bottom of this letter]
(Rest of letter refers to the Mission in another file.)

[Letter]
Officer in Charge
Police Dept
Broome
14th Jan 1909
A man named G Moss of Broome writes to me re a Manillaman (Margharito) who wishes to marry a halfcaste girl at Broome. I would feel obliged by your sending me a report re the matter on whether this marriage is advisable.
C F Gale
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Letter]
Police Station, Broome
9th Feby 1909
To Chief Protector of Aborigines
Sir,
I reply to yours of the 14th ult, I beg to report this marriage would be very inadvisable. Margharito is a man of nearly 50 years of age and the halfcaste girl is not 16 years. From my two years experience of the marriage of halfcastes or Aborigines to Manilamen, I would not recommend a single marriage, they all turn out bad, it simply means selling these native girls. In this case, Margharito is to give £50 to the father of the girl and I am informed that the girl don’t want to marry him.
I am, Sir, your obedient servant,
Stewart?
Corpl of Police

[Letter]
Mar 16th, 1909
Relative to your application for my permission for a Manillaman by the name of Margharito to marry a halfcaste who has been brought up by the Beagle Bay Mission, I beg to inform you that after making due inquiries from those who are competent to speak on the subject, and from my own knowledge of the inadvisability of their mixed marriage, I cannot see my way clear to grant the necessary permission to enable this man to marry the half caste girl in question.
I have the honour to be, Sir, your obedient servant,
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Broome
31st May 1909
To C F Gale Esq
Protector of Aborigines
Dear Sir,
Herewith I beg to make application on behalf of Margarito Maghanoy, a Manilaman residing at Beagle Bay, for permission to marry a half caste girl named Marcello, now under the care of the Beagle Bay Mission. This man has been in the country about 23 years and is now about 38 years of age. He has applied to Father Bischoff, the priest in charge of the mission, to marry him but was refused. This Father Bischoff I believe is rather averse to these marriages, and he referred him to your department and stated that if there was no objection from you he would marry him. Father Bischoff gives this man an excellent character. He is a teetotaller and is in charge of the Beagle Bay Mission vessel which makes periodical visits to Broome. He has some money and carries on the business of gardener and rears poultry, pigs, goats, etc. when he is not running the vessel. The girl whom he desires to marry is about 17 years of age, her father and mother residing in Broome. Her father is a Portuguese and her mother an aboriginal woman and are legally married. They are both members of the Roman Catholic Church. Trusting that you will grant me the favor of an early reply, whether favorable or otherwise, as the matter has been in abeyance for some time.
I remain, yours faithfully,
W A Beaumont

[Letter]
Mr W A Beaumont, Broome
June 15, 1909
Sir,
I have the honor to acknowledge yours of the 31st ultimo, making application fon behalf of Margarito Maghanoy, a Manilaman residing at Beagle Bay, for permission to marry a half caste girl named Marcille. In reply thereto I regret to have to inform you that I cannot give my consent.
I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Telegram]
From Broome, to Chief Protector of Aborigines, Perth
22 June 1909
Am Broome for few days. Kindly answer re Josephine marriage.
Father Nicholas

[Telegram]
June 24, 1909
To Father Nicholas, Broome
Do not approve of these mixed marriages. Cannot give my permission. Marry her good half caste boy.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

Katitjin Notes:

Question: Who are you to believe? It needs to be noted, however, that all of those competing voices are male figures of authority, representing the overwhelming patriarchal White hegemony: the master pearler, the priest, the missionary, the Chief Protector. Where are the voices of the young women themselves? What was their opinion, their agency, their choices?

Question: Why were all Filipinos, or all Asians for that matter, treated without any differentiation?

There are many descendants of Filipino-Aboriginal marriages who are well-known and important members of Aboriginal communities, especially in Broome, who are very proud of their joint Filipino and Aboriginal cultural heritage. For example, the country/folk/rock band Pigram Brothers, comprising of the seven Pigram brothers, descended from Thomas Puertollano; and a well-known director of the Broome Aboriginal Media Association, Kevin Puertollano. For more information on marriages between Aboriginal women and Asian men, see Regina Ganter’s book Mixed relations: Asian-Aboriginal contact in north Australia, published by UWA Press.

Extract fm The Passing of the Aborigines (1938) by Daisy Bates
The association of the Australian native with the Asiatic is definitely evil. There were four Manilamen at Beagle Bay married to native women. By tribal custom the women had all been betrothed in infancy to their rightful tribal husbands. They were therefore merely on hire by their own men to the Asiatics, and, in spite of the church marriage, remained, not only their husband’s property, but that of all his brothers, and all of the Manila husband’s brothers who paid for the accommodation. It was hard to convince the Bishop and the little abbot of this fact and of the terrible cruelty to the women and girls of such a system, and I had to show the two priests a poignant example. I had visited the Manila quarters in Broome, and in one house found a poor aboriginal woman, the “wife” of a Manilaman, with five of his “brothers” waiting to have and pay for intercourse with her. The poor soul told me that this happened daily. A few days afterwards I took the two priests to this hovel, choosing the Manila rest hour of the day for our inspection. I knew the terrible shock this would be to the little abbot and the Bishop to realize what Manila-Aboriginal marriage meant for the native woman: but with these facts the Bishop gave his direct veto on the dreadful system and in future such marriages were prohibited.

George Moss was an influential, master pearler who employed many Asians – principally Japanese, Manillamen (Philippino), Koepangers (Timorese) and Malays – on his pearling fleet in Broome.

William Alexander Beaumont was a master pearler in Broome.

Father Josef Bischofs (1878-1958) was a German missionary, who arrived in WA in 1905 as part of the Pallotine Mission, who built up the Beagle Bay Mission after the Cistercians left in 1899, and stayed until 1920. He translated the bible into Nyul-nyul and wrote extensively on Aboriginal customs. He was very outspoken in his objection to marriages between Aboriginal women and Asian men.

Father Nicholas D’Emo was a Spanish missionary of the Cistercian Order, who was the first priest at Broome and helped to establish the Beagle Bay Missionary. He arrived in 1895 and remained after the Cisterian Mission left in 1899. He was President of the Broome Filipino Association and employed an Aboriginal woman, who was married a Filipino man, as teacher in the school he established in Broome. After leaving the Cistercian Order, he ran a schooner with other Filipinos and then went on to establish the Lombadina Mission, where he died in 1915.

Fr Nicholas D'Emo with teacher and students at Broome School

Fr Nicholas D’Emo with teacher and students at Broome School

Media Response to the Roth Report I

Dr Walter Edmund Roth (1861-1933) Photo: John Oxley Library, State Library, Qld

Dr Walter Edmund Roth (1861-1933)
Photo: John Oxley Library, State Library, Qld

The following newspaper articles are responses to the Roth Report, recorded in The West Australian. The newspaper and date are followed by the headlines as written in the article and brief outline of what is contained in the article. Click on the date to go to a PDF version of that item.

The West Australian
30 Jan 1905
The Aborigines Question
The Investigations by Dr Roth
A Comprehensive Report
Drunkenness, Disease and Crime
Important Recommendations
This article is part one of three, and provides a lengthy summary of the Report, which does not include specific editorial comment; however, note that although the focal point of the report was a scathing indictment about the ill-treatment of Aborigines by Anglo-Australians, the headlines ignore the findings of abuse and neglect, highlighting instead negative Aboriginal behaviours that were not prevalent in the Report itself.
7,900 words

The West Australian
31 Jan 1905
The Aborigines Question
Dr Roth’s Investigations
Treatment of Aboriginal Prisoners
Charges Against the Police
This lengthy article is part two of three, focussing on issues related to sentencing and the treatment of Aboriginal offenders.
6,043 words

The West Australian
01 Feb 1905
The Aborigines Question
Dr Roth’s Investigations
The Indenture and Contract Systems
Alleged Abuses
The Mission Stations
The third and final instalment of the summary of the Roth Report focusses on the issue of working contracts and apprentice agreements made (or not made) with Aboriginal workers in the north-west. Also summarises the evidence given for the principal missions in WA: New Norcia, Beagle Bay, Swan Native Mission, Sunday Island, Broome.
6,039 words

The West Australian
31 Jan 1905
Editorial
The editorial focusses on the upcoming legislation that results from the Report. It also highlights the “problem” of Asians in the pearling industry:
“The condition of affairs…is mainly due to Asiatic aliens allowed into the State as pearling boat’s crews…mostly Malays, Manilamen, and Japanese…The contact with Aboriginal women with Eastern Asiatics can only be shocking and demoralising from every point of view…the half-caste offspring of such unions, if any there be, can have no abiding or respected place in the scale of humanity… There can be no question whatever that all practical steps should be taken, by legislation or otherwise, to prevent such moral atrocities.”
1,378 words