Paddy

Deporting Newry Jack

State Records Archive
Consignment: 652
Item: 1909/0036
Title: Paddy alias ‘Neery Jack’ – re sending him from Wyndham to Port Darwin

Keywords: Paddy, Newry Jack, Wyndham, Port Darwin, Argyle Downs Station, pastoral stations, labour

Key phrase:
[The real reason for the proposed deportation of Newry Jack?]
“…apart from being an individual source of annoyance to the settlers he is also educating & by his council poisoning the minds of other natives against the White man.” (Constable Ryan, policeman)

[Report]
East Kimberley District, Halls Creek Station
Sept 14th 1908
Report of Const J J Ryan, relative to aboriginal native Paddy’s return to his country Port Darwin.
I beg to report that on the 27th August 08 in company with Carol Taylor, I arrested aboriginal native Paddy alias Newry Jack vide complaint of Robert McRoberts (see Occurrence 16th August 08) carrier, Hall’s Creek, whilst a 2nd charge of goat killing was also preferred. On the latter charge Paddy was sentenced to 6 months imprisonment while the original charge was withdrawn.
Paddy who is a native of Port Darwin is anxious to return to his country. He is about 40 yrs of age and arrived in Kimberley some 10 yrs ago with a man named Thomas McKell then manager of the Victoria Station on the Territory with cattle. McKell after disposing of his cattle at Wyndham returned to his station, while Paddy entered into employment with Messrs Connor, Doherty & Durack and for them worked at Wyndham Argyle Station and Kalgoorlie. Leaving Kalgoorlie Paddy returned to Broome some years back and since then has worked for various employers including the Police. Though thoroughly civilised he is a menace to the residents of the district in being a confirmed thief and bully. So assertive and bounceful* has he latterly become that he cannot now obtain employment.
Personally I think it would be very wise to have arrangements if possible made to have this native sent back to his country per one of the Port Darwin boats calling at Wyndham as apart from being an individual source of annoyance to the settlers he is also educating & by his council poisoning the minds of other natives against the White man.
His sentence does not expire until Feb 27th 09 but the R. M. when sentencing stipulated that should arrangements be completed in the meantime before the expiration of his sentence for deporting the native! The sentence to terminate on the date of his embarkation.
I am sending the native to Wyndham to comply with the sentence but may mention that the R. M. as Aboriginal Protector if required will give every assistance to have Paddy deported should the provisions stipulated in the sentence prove to be ultra vires.
Stipulations provided for in Warrant of Commitment.
J J Ryan
[*”bounceful” is a Cockney slang word, from the late 19th century, meaning arrogant and domineering]

[Memo]
To the Commissioner of Police
This native Paddy alias Newry Jack has a very bad character – would the Aborigines Dept pay his fare from Wyndham to Port Darwin.
J McCarthy,
Acting Sub Inspector
29.10.08

[Memo]
To: The Chief Protector of Aborigines
Submitted for your consideration. The native’s sentence expires at Wyndham on 27th Feb 1909
Commissioner of Police

[Memo]
To Commissioner of Police
I don’t suppose there is any chance of finding this man McKell who brought the native from Pt Darwin and making him pay for the boys passage back to his home. If not I am prepared to pay deck passage from Wyndham to Pt Darwin as I think it may be the cheapest thing to do in the long run.
C F Gale
23.1.9

[Memo]
Sergt Buckland
Have abo nat Paddy @ Newry Jack sent to Port Darwin first boat. Have inquiry made for McKell with the view of tracing his present whereabouts.
Please state the cost of the fare to Pt Darwin
J McCarthy
acting Sub Inspr
20.2.09

[Memo]
Acting Sub Inspr McCarthy, Derby
Native Paddy @ Newry Jack was sent to Port Darwin and left here on 24th ult. The R. M. having received instructions from Comptroller of Prisons to send him the cost of fare was £2 and was charged to Gaol Dept.
Paddy informed me he was only a small boy when he came here first and as he appears at least 40 years of age now he must have been here a number of years.
I have made enquiries here for McKell but no one here knows anything about him, perhaps Mr Frank Connor or some of the Duracks Perth could supply the information.
Sgt Buckland
6/5/09

[Memo]
The Commissioner of Police
Forwarded for your information
J McCarthy
Acting Sub Inspr
13.5.09

[Memo]
Forwarded to Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Invoice]
Dr to A B Robinson, Derby
Apr 5 to May 31, 1909
Maintenance of native Paddy 47 days @ 9d
Total £1-15-3
Signed by claimant Arthur R Adams R. M.

[Letter]
Sergeant Buckland, Wyndham
I have received an account from the Treasury Paymaster, Derby, in favour of Mr A B Robinson, for the maintenance of the native Paddy, from the 15th April to the 31st May last. On the 6th May last you wrote to the Acting Sub-Inspector, Derby, stating that the native Paddy had been sent to Port Darwin, “and left here on the 24th ultimo,” which would be the 24th April, and yet the claim above mentioned covers his maintenance to the 31st May. Will you please let me have further information relative to this matter.
Chief Protector of Aborigines
June 22, 1909

[Letter]
Wyndham
31st July 09
To Chief Protector of Aborigines, Perth
The native Paddy otherwise known as Newry Jack was sent away from here on 24th Feby 09 on S S Nelson.
The A B Robinson is a Constable I believe in West Kimberley and the a/c form refer to must be for another native named Paddy.
Sgt Buckland

Katitjin Notes:

“Newry”
Newry Station is a cattle station on the border of WA and Northern Territory. It was established in 1886 by Connor and Doherty on the banks of the Keep River and was later purchased by Patsy (Patrick) Durack and remained in the Durack family until 1950.

The ‘disposal’ of Trilby’s children

State Records Archive
Consignment: 652
Item: 1909/0007
Title: Trilbys three children. Disposal of re

Swan Native & Half-Caste Mission

Swan Native & Half-Caste Mission (Source: Find and Connect)

Key phrases:

[Trilby was sentenced to 6 months hard labour in Fremantle for theft]
“From inquiries made along the line and amongst the natives I am of the opinion that this woman did not steal any of the beer”

[Justification for taking away Trilby’s daughters, aged 8 and 5, and son, aged 9]
“Unless the children are promptly removed from their present surroundings, then the two females will be forced to a life of prostitution. It is the only means of livelihood open to the female native on the Eastern Goldfields.”
“The boy has not really committed any offence but has been living by begging from the white people of Woolgas. He is apparently a very smart child as a half caste but a thorough Aboriginal in his habits.”

[Evidence that the children were protected by the Aboriginal community]
“I have to inform you that the two girls referred to are said to have gone towards Edjudina with other natives. I am having inquiries made in that direction with a view to getting possession of the girls. Will advise you as soon as they are found.”

[Report]
WA Police Dept
East Coogardie district, Boulder Station
Dec 13th 1908
Report of P E Cusack PC, relative to Aboriginal woman arrested by me at Woolgas on Sunday last the 13th inst.
I most respectfully report for your information that Aboriginal woman “Trilby” which was arrested at Woolgas on Sunday last, has three children, 2 little girls and one boy, two of them are her own and one she reared since childhood, when its mother died, their ages are about one boy 8, girl about 8 years, and the youngest little girl I think between 4 & 5 years. Those three are all half cast children, and which are now at Woolgas. The natives there promised me that they would look after these for a while.
And from inquiries made along the line and amongst the natives I am of the opinion that this woman did not steal any of the beer but certainly drunk it and was under the influence of liquor when caught be the Railway officials.
15.12.08 P E Cusack
[note on bottom of report]
Inspector Brophy
Respectfully forwarded for your information
[signature illegible]

[Letter]
16.12.08
To Commissioner of Police, Perth
Submitted. Unless the children are promptly removed from their present surroundings, then the two females will be forced to a life of prostitution. It is the only means of livelihood open to the female native on the Eastern Goldfields.
Perhaps you will be pleased to bring this matter under the notice of the Chief Protector of Aborigines
M H Brophy
Inspector of Police

[Telegram]
19.12.08
To Inspector Police, Protector Aborigines, Kalgoorlie
Please arrange to send Trilby’s two girls from Coolgardie to Salvation Army, Ward Street, Kalgoorlie. Make arrangements for their reception. See Matron and say Army officials Perth communicating with her. Boy cannot be admitted. What do you recommend?
Chief Protector of Aborgines

[Report]
WA Police Dept, North Coolgardie district, Menzies Station
1st Jan 1909
Report of Sgt Gordidge?
Relative to Tommy (Half caste)
I beg to report that this lad is about 9 years old and has been wandering about with Abo Natives since the arrest of his Abo Native mother Trilby and his Abo Native foster father “Magging” alias Paddy who are now each serving sentence of 6 months hard labour for stealing from 21.12.08 in Fremantle Gaol.
The boy has not really committed any offence but has been living by begging from the white people of Woolgas. He is apparently a very smart child as a half caste but a thorough Aboriginal in his habits.
I respectfully ask to be instructed what I am to do with him.
P H Gordidge?
[Note at bottom of report]
To CPA, Perth
Will you please advise re this boy who is now in the care of the Police here
P Duncan, District Police Officer

[Telegram]
5/1/09
To Chief Protector of Aborigines
This boys’ two sisters are already at the Sal Army Home Kalgoorlie – the matron informed me that the boy could be taken in.
Inspector Price informed instructions would be sent in a day regards the boy.

[Telegram]
8/1/09
To Inspector Duncan, Protector Aborigines, Police Station Menzies
Your wire received this morning – too late to make arrangements half-caste boy – please look after him Police Station few days – will write when arrangements complete.
Chief Protector of Aborigines

[Note]
Called up Mr Burton – not in – message sent to know if he could take the boy with the Swan Mission – reply will be sent tomorrow – there will be the same difficulty at the Swan as at the Collie re mixing of the races as they have received instructions to keep them apart.
E D P
[Edward Pechell]

[Telegram]
From Menzies Station
7/1/09
To Chief Protector of Aborigines Perth
Escort leaving for Fremantls tomorrow. ? can I forward half-caste boy referred to in Police report of second inst.
Duncan

[Memo]
WA Police Dept, Inspector’s Office, Menzies
9th Jan 1909
To Chief Protector of Aborigines, Perth
In reply to your memo of the 7th inst, I have to inform you that the two girls referred to are said to have gone towards Edjudina with other natives. I am having inquiries made in that direction with a view to getting possession of the girls. Will advise you as soon as they are found.
Duncan, District Police Officer

[Letter]
11/1/09
To Rev A Burton
Swan Native & Half-Caste Mission
Middle Swan, Perth
Dear Sir,
There is a half-caste boy named Tommy, aged 9, son of a woman named “Trilby” who has been sent to Gaol for 6 months and consequently is destitute and temporarily under charge of the Police at Menzies. I would feel obliged by your informing me whether you can receive this boy as an inmate of you mission at the usual rate paid by the Government. An early answer would oblige.
I am, dear Sir,
Yours Obediently

[Note]
Mr Burton consented verbally to take this child

[Memo]
To Inspector Duncan, Protector Aborigines, Police Station, Menzies
17/1/09
The Manager of the Swan Native and Half-caste Mission consents to take the boy Tommy. Please send him down when opportunity occurs to Midland Junction. Please let me know date and time of departure so that I can make necessary arrangements to have him met.
C F Gale
Chief Protector of Aborigines
For E D Pechell

[Memo]
From Duncan at Police Station, Menzies
To Chief Protector of Aborigines, Perth
22 Jan 1909
Re native boy Tommy. It may be some considerable time before an opportunity occurs to send the boy down. Can I send him by special escort? He is very uneasy here and cannot be trusted out of sight, spends most of his time in the lockup. I have got no further trace of the two girls yet.

[Memo]
23/1/09
To Inspector Duncan, Protector Aborigines, Menzies
In reply to your memo of 22nd inst re Tommy, please inform me what the special escort would cost and also what are the expenses incurred by his stay at Menzies per day.

[Memo]
To Chief Protector of Aborigines
26/1/09
The cost of an escort from Menzies to Midland Junction 2nd class return is £3.9.1. The expense incurred for the keep of the boy at Menzies is 1/6 per day. I expect to have an escort to Fremantle this week.
Duncan

[Note]
The two girls were received in the Girls Home at Kalgoorlie on 22/1/09

[Memo]
To Inspector Duncan, Protector Aborigines, Police Dept, Menzies
28/1/09
In reply to your memo of 26th inst re boy Tommy, please send him down by the escort expected to leave next week and give me sufficient notice to make arrangements to have him met at the Midland Junction by the mission authorities.
E D P

[Telegram]
To Chief Protector of Aborigines, Perth
From Menzies
Forwarding native boy Tommy tomorrow’s train. Please arrange to have him met at Midland Saturday morning.
Duncan

Katitjin Notes:

Question: Suggestive as it is of “garbage disposal,” is the word “disposal” appropriate for breaking up Trilby’s family through the removal of her children?

Question: Why was Tommy sent to Swan Native & Half-Caste Mission in Midland, even though the Salvation Army Home in Kalgoorlie had agreed to take him, along with his two sisters, and thus creating a further rupture in the family?

Question: If the police considered that Trilby was innocent, why was she still imprisoned?

Question: If Trilby was imprisoned (clearly unjustly) for 6 months from 21st Dec 1908 until June 1909, why weren’t the children allowed to return to her on her release? Was she informed?

Edmund Donald Pechell was Henry Prinsep and Charles Gale’s Clerk and seemingly also, sometimes, Acting Chief Protector of Aborigines between 1905 and 1908.
From the Find and Connect website:
The role of Donald Edmund Pechell in the Department in the early part of the twentieth century gives an insight into its work and structure. In 1905, giving testimony to the Roth Royal Commission, Pechell was reported (Western Mail, 18 February 1905, p.12) as being a ‘Clerk, Accountant, Etc.,’ in the Aborigines Department. Pechell was asked about his duties and said: ‘I attend to correspondence, all the accounts of the office, distribution of blankets, and all other work, with the exception of the administration, when Mr. Prinsep [the Chief Protector of Aborigines] is in Perth. When he is absent I have to attend to everything.’ Tilbrook, in Nyungar Tradition, p.37) refers to Pechell as ‘Acting Chief Protector’ in 1908 so it is possible that Pechell’s tenure extended across both Prinsep and Gale’s administration.

Inspector Michael Brophy (1858-1923), born in New Zealand, started his police career in the Kimberley region as a trooper in 1891, before being promoted to Inspector at Kalgoorlie in 1902. He went on to Bunbury and then to Fremantle, before retiring in 1922. While in the Kimberley, Brophy led a punitive expedition which resulted in the shooting of 30 Aboriginal people. Brophy reports that, “‘In all my experience with natives I have never known them to make such plucky and determined fight as those blacks.”
Source: Chris Owen

Rev Alfred Burton was the superintendent of the Swan Native and Half-Caste Mission. He was criticised heavily in the media, as this 1907 article from the Sunday Times attests with headlines “Another Burton Bomb – The Orphanage Autocrat Reaches the Limit – The Acme of Arrogance and Heartlessness.”

Salvation Army Home, Kalgoorlie
For details on this home, visit the Find and Connect website

Swan Native and Half-Caste Mission
For details on this mission, visit the Find and Connect website